Literature Review: Why education on PTSD is important in the inner city Kenya McGruder Regis University Literature Review: Why education on PTSD is important in the inner city When one thinks of Post -Traumatic Stress Syndrome the second thought is typically war veterans. PTSD is often associated with those who have fought in gruesome wars and have suffered trauma mentally or physically. However there is a demographic often overlooked when it comes to research or treatment for this disorder, our inner city youth. From a young age our inner city youth are exposed to community violence that rears the same psychological disorder as war veterans at a more alarming rate, but with less than half the resources or treatment. To better understand the needs of this demographic one must understand the problem within the community.
Janibell Perez Professor Mark Criminal Justice Systems and the Community Broken Windows Critique This critique is based on the “Broken Windows” The policy and neighborhood safety by James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. After reading this article I have come to the conclusion that the authors overall purpose and meaning was to show how disorder is capable of sustaining and generating serious crimes in a neighborhood. The authors James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling want to let the reader know that disorder is not the main factor of crime itself. When there is disorder in a neighborhood the residents seem to withdraw to their houses and participate less in the community, because of this crime starts to happen when residents don’t participate in the area. The overall purpose and meaning of this article is to send the message that police officers can play a unique part in disrupting the disorder process.
They suffer post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, major injuries and sometimes death. These actions can have negative effects on every part of the victim's life and the lives of their family. Police brutality greatly affects the community because it is the duty of the police to protect that community. Once a case of police brutality comes out in the community, the people of that community will no longer feel safe and will not trust the police. One incident involving just one officer could ruin or taint the police
The two are related by specific common causes which include temperamental causes, parental alcoholism, antisocial personality behavior and poor relationships with parents. Additionally, sub-cultural norms that lead to street behavior, to some extent, also facilitate illegal drug use as well as criminal behavior. Illegal drug use can also be caused by poor environmental conditions. These include poor and densely populated neighborhoods which lack social capital and increased number of sporting events and bars that increase the number of motivated offenders and suitable targets (Fraser, & Moore, 2011, p. 173). There are three models which tend to explain the ways in
Statistics exist regarding the divorce rate among military families, surveys involving how soldiers feel before and after deployment in regards to their families, and firsthand accounts by therapists who have treated these individuals. These all point to the need for a better transition program for soldiers that are reunited with their families after combat deployments. Introduction Combat deployments can be extremely difficult for a soldier for a variety of reason. The damage done during deployment can be external and internal as well. This damage can continue to adversely affect the individual long after they return home, and even after they leave the armed forces.
The men and women currently deployed to these areas frequently engage in combat, and regularly witness injuries, trauma, and death. Even if a person tries not to internalize the horrific events they experience, they will likely be changed by war. Soldiers are negatively affected by combat; many return from war with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, alcoholism, and suicidal thoughts. Some soldiers return from war with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. According to the article "What Is Combat PTSD?”, Diagnosing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can be hard because soldiers view reporting their symptoms as a sign of weakness (What, 1).
These concerns directly impact human rights, the law and everyday life for those affected particularly the young and ethnic minority groups since these are the groups disproportionately represented moreover allegations still exist that despite the Steven Lawrence case of 1993, institutional racism still exists. With stop and search the police deliberately force allegations upon and use the law indiscriminately where certain suspects are accused and the criticisms constantly and inherently labelled at the police are fully justified. What’s more the subsequent police conduct once searched is believed to be unpleasant and discriminatory; additionally the manner of searches can be humiliating and embarrassing for those involved. Overall stop and search is an ineffective method of investigating and disrupting crime for numerous and long standing reasons. One, is that the rate of arrests is extremely poor in co-ordination to the ratio of stops; the stop/search to arrest rate declined from 17per cent in 1986 to just 10 per cent between 1996 to 98, (McConville & Wilson, 2002, pg559).
His analysis helps explain the complexity of the street interaction and provides explanation of the street violence. Combining elements of respect, loyalty, and honor, the “code of the street” is an informal system used to regulate social interactions in impoverished neighborhoods. The code of the street emerges where the influence of the police ends and personal responsibility for one's safety appears, resulting in a kind of "people's low", based on "street justice". One of the main problems in the poor inner-city black community is the interpersonal violence and aggression. Muggings, burglaries, carjacking, and drug-related shooting , which now happen quite often, concern all urban and many suburban residence.
Society sees both sides from the media reflecting how they view police in their own communities. In our communities we also see police getting shot or often finding themselves in a bad situation. The police are here to protect us and to serve the communities to the best of their abilities. The negative images we see and hear are police that are corrupt or brutally beating harmless suspects. The positive images would be that they have saved an innocent life in a hostage situation.
Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the usefulness of sub-cultural theories in explaining sub-cultural crime and deviance in society today. Subcultures, such as the ones mentioned in item A consist of a group of people whom share the same norms and values together, yet oppose mainstream culture. Criminals are seen to become part of a subculture as their values are different to normal society. These criminal individuals have rejected society’s norms and invented their own as they feel that society has rejected them, which means they become materially deprived and blame society as it has not met their needs. However, the criminals resort to things such as burglary to maintain materialistic property.