Ronald Reagan In Cold War

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Ronald Reagan in Cold War Cold War – Who? What? When? Conflicts of national interest caused the World War II alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union was replaced by a Cold War that lasted about 45 years (1945 - 1990). New period of the Cold War began with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev as leader of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev was a revolutionary leader for the USSR, as he was the first to promote liberalization of the political landscape (Glasnost) and capitalist elements into the economy (Perestroika) Confrontation between United States and the Soviet Union were nearly always focused on economic pressure, selective aid, diplomatic maneuver, propaganda, assassination, low-intensity military operations – in order to avoid a direct confrontation that could cause a nuclear war. Ronald Reagan 1911-2004 Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination in 1980 and chose as his running mate a former CIA chief, Texas congressman and United Nations ambassador, George H.W. Bush. Voters troubled by inflation and by the year-long confinement of American hostages in Iran, swept the Republican ticket into office. Reagan won 489 electoral votes to 49 for President Jimmy Carter in the election of 1980. Reagan took office on January 20, 1981. Just 69 days later, he was shot by a would-be assassin, but quickly recovered and returned to duty. His grace and wit during the dangerous incident caused his popularity to soar. In foreign policy Ronald Reagan rejected policy of détente, which began in 1979 following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The new policy about the Soviet Union didn't assume the politics of coexisting, the negotiation and concessions. President Ronald Reagan, in his famous June 1982 speech to the British Parliament, described the outlines of "a plan and a hope for the long term—the march of freedom and democracy which will leave
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