Reagan, Gorbachev and the End of the Cold War (a Persuasive Essay)

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Reagan and the end of the Cold War. Cooperative resolution, as seen in the Cold War, has shown itself to be a rare significance in shaping the ending of many portentous conflicts.The Cold War, which began in 1945 after the Yalta conference saw international tensions on a scale that the world had never seen before. With the American fear of communism and the rapid expansion of nuclear warfare technology, the world, until 1991 was at the brink of a devastating conflicts between Soviet Russia and the U.S. Many historians may argue the Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet leader from 1985-1991 had the biggest influence over the end of communism. However, Ronald Reagan, U.S president between 1981-1989, was the most significant political leader to influence the ending of the Cold War. Reagan was able to encourage the end of the Cold War, more so than Gorbachev, through his unrelenting war on communism. He did this through his attitudes, actions towards the Soviet arms race and foreign policies. The way in which Ronald Reagan acted on his negative attitudes towards communism and his desire to destroy it, displays how he, more so than Gorbachev, influenced the end of the Cold War. Reagan, even before his presidency was displaying his anti-communist stance. In 1977, Reagan famously commented on a national radio broadcast “My idea of American policy toward the Soviet Union is simple, and some would say simplistic. It is this: We win and they lose”(Jarausch, K. 2012) This stand paved the way for the hard line he would draw against the Soviets during his Presidency. Reagan, throughout his time in office, anticipated that communism would inevitably collapse in on itself, he just wanted to be the man that triggered the fall. In 1981, at the beginning of his presidency, he spoke about how he planned to use his attitudes to end communism, and in turn the Cold War. “Are we not helping
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