Psychology: Depression in Nursing Homes Essay

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November 19, 2013 Professor Tester Psychology 155 Depression in Nursing Homes Depression in Nursing homes is often a major issue discussed worldwide. The article “Prevalence of depression and depression recognition in nursing homes” discusses a study with an aim to estimate the prevalence of depression among nursing home residents, and the recognition of depression among nursing home staff. The research sought to answer the question of how prevalent depression is among the residents and how well does the staff in nursing homes recognize depression. In the study random samples totaling 319 nursing home residents were drawn from a random sample of six downstate New York nursing homes and were evaluated psychiatrically for depression. Various staff members used in the study such as nurse aides, nurses and social workers also assessed the same residents for the presence of depressive symptomatology. (1) Psychiatrists performing this study used a method where they assessed residents using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R) criteria. The Depression measures used were the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, the Feeling Tone Questionnaire, the Hamilton Depression Rating and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders Scale. Nursing and social services staff assessed residents using Depression Recognition Measures. Overall, the researchers went about gathering the information for this study by performing various tests on residents as well as the staff of the six New York nursing homes. (1) The results of the study performed, based on psychiatric evaluation, is that the prevalence estimate for probable and/or definite major depressive disorder among testable subjects was 14.4 % (95 % CI of 10.6 %–19.3 %); 15.4 % were not able to be assessed due to their refusal, impairment of consciousness, or

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