Pros and Cons of the Cochlear Implant

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The Pros and Cons of the Cochlear Implant HS Extension Site To begin to know the advantages and disadvantages of the Cochlear Implant we need to be clear exactly what it is. The Cochlear Implant is an electronic device which is implanted into the human ear, via surgery. Their function is to stimulate the auditory nerve and help people who are severely hearing impaired or are profoundly deaf, improve their hearing ability. The cochlear implant, converts acoustic sounds into electrical pulses. These pulses, in turn, stimulate the auditory nerve directly. The implants usually consist of 2 main components as described by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA): • The externally worn microphone, sound processor and transmitter system. • The implanted receiver and electrode system, which contains the electronic circuits that receive signals from the external system and send electrical currents to the inner ear. The external system may be worn a few different ways either behind the ear or it can be worn in a pouch in the pocket or on a belt or harness. (Pray J.L., 2010, 178) The Prime candidate for the Cochlear Implant is children who have not learned speech or language. Professionals believe the best time to go for the cochlear implant in children is before their 1st birthday. In this way, such children can enjoy a better quality of life than those without the implants or those who have received the implants at a later stage. The main disadvantages have to do with the age at surgery and the risks involved, and the threat to the Deaf Culture. “The greatest controversy about cochlear implantation followed the FDA approval of the procedure for children.” (Pray J.L. 2010,180) The implant was first approved for use in children in 1990. (Zaidman-Zait. 2008.139) The other risks of the cochlear implant can include: General anesthesia risks

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