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Plato and Aristotle: matter, forms and dualism Essay

  • Submitted by: youngsir823
  • on April 20, 2009
  • Category: History
  • Length: 355 words

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Below is an essay on "Plato and Aristotle: matter, forms and dualism" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Plato and Aristotle both have great philosophical views on the theories of matter and forms and dualism. Plato’s Theory of Forms state that forms are universal factors or ideas in which the world becomes intelligent as a result. However, the intelligence must gain the knowledge about certain aspects in a non-physical way (If knowledge is pursued then it will be found within ones self). Plato believes that there is a distinction between the mind and body. Plato recognizes matter and form as being separate entities. He believes that they are not together but separate ideas. Dualism for Plato is more of a formal property whereas matter is of physical sense and not as important. Plato believed that forms are everlasting ideas. According to him, form and matter are separate, therefore the when the body dies the soul will live on. Aristotle on the other hand, believes that form and matter cannot be separated: they are together as one. For example, when the concept of body and soul is presented and death is posted on the body then according to Aristotle the body will also die. Aristotle explained that the form of something is the essence. The form is also the substance but only to a certain extent. Meaning it will never surpass its concrete shape. In other words, referring to the body, it only exists if as soon as the form and matter come intact. Aristotle disagrees with Plato’s perception of the forms being seen as existing independently. I believe that both philosophers have reasonable arguments on the matter of dualism. Aristotle wants people to know that if intelligence is not something that it material. He believes that if it were to be referred to as a material substance then that would take away from it the most important characteristics. However Plato agrees with this point, but he has his views to explain why. I would have to side with Aristotle because his theories make more sense and have a sort of completeness, whereas Plato’s views you will always be asking...

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