Conversely, in pain is found certain benefits or pleasure as Socrates calls it. A practical example is Socrates himself finding relief after he was removed from his bonds. Socrates offers the view that every philosopher needs to be excited about the prospect of death. After offering this opinion though Socrates is quick to point out that it is wrong for man to take his own life. To Socratres man did not own his life, rather, the gods did.
To begin, he tells them that he is not afraid of death. He says that emotions follow from knowledge, and since he has no knowledge of what death is, he has no feelings or emotions about death. Socrates only has emotions if they are first authorized by reason, so it is illogical for him to be afraid of death when he knows nothing about it. "To fear death, gentleman, is no other than to think oneself wise when one is not, to think one knows what one does not know" (Apology, 32). Socrates asserts that there is "good hope that death is a blessing" (Apology, 41).
Stoicism is a reference of apathy to pain or pleasure. According to Stoicism, a man conquers the world around him by conquering himself. The path to Stoicism begins by developing indifference to pleasure and pain, through meditation. Stoic belief conveys that wisdom takes place once rationality gains mastery over human passions; evil comes about when passions control humans. Epicureanism in contrast is a commitment to relish or pleasure; especially in regards to drinks and food.
Oedipus Tyrannus is written by Sophocles serves to distanced ourselves from gods, a point Sophocles uses to drive home the point: In absences of divine intervention, human are capable of acting in a moral and ethical manner. The Gods are not present in the story at all. While assuming that the gods inflicted Oedipus's suffering just as other greek tragedies leads us to incorrect conclusion. But if we view Oedipus's blinding and banishment not as punishments by the gods but as the logical and moral conclusion we can shed light on the moral structure to
Art as Redemption Upon examining The Birth of Tragedy it is apparent that Nietzsche views art in a particular way compared to his contemporaries. Nietzsche’s main focus was not to interpret “what is art”, but rather why art exists at all. This inquisitive approach for answers on the necessity of art leads Nietzsche to dissect two forms of Greek art; these being Apollonian and Dionysian art. Nietzsche holds the belief that all art is redemptive in its qualities, providing the subject who partakes in it a certain “escape” from the realities of life. He believes in the same idea that Schopenhauer had, in that life is awful and tragic with no meaning or purpose; by this I mean that life in itself is considered suffering and without purpose by both Nietzsche and Schopenhauer.
Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson Analyzed In Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay Self-Reliance, Emerson explains that whether or not we act as individuals all depends on asking ourselves how much self-trust we have, or how much confidence we have in ourselves. He believed that if you’re even the least bit independent then there is beauty even in ordinary, commonplace things. He goes on by describing the things that make you unique like, your intuition and instinct, and how we betray our own principles to go along with what others say and act because we have no confidence in ourselves and therefore, no self-reliance. Basically our minds are like sponges that soak up so much of what society views right that we lose ourselves and what we believe is right. A quote by Emerson that states this perfectly is, “Man’s failure to see light is caused by standing in his own shadow.” Emerson believed that a man should not be what he is not.
When fastened to karma, even in their purest natural state, they are limited to knowledge in certain circumstances. So you may be wondering what causes the problem of karma. It is simply being attached to the material world and having desires. In today’s world, it seems as though the people we are surrounded by care much about materialistic things that please them. A Jain would tell you that all actions cause karmic matter to attach to the jiva (eternal soul), and the only way to stop build up of karmic matter is to be completely inactive, and put all concentration on freeing the jiva.
The existential leap of faith to believe in an ultimate order and intelligibility, but one inaccessible to man, is philosophical suicide. It kills the human longing for an order and clarity it can understand. B. Physical suicide. Killing oneself is an attempt to escape the absurd rather than facing it.
Plato being rationalist theories reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge. Therefore he relied on the ability to reason in his attempt to explain the world. He produced his ideal world based on reason since such a world lies beyond the realm of the five senses. Plato ignored his senses because he believed his senses only revealed the imperfect forms of the ordinary world. He also believes people possess immortal souls that existing before birth and continuing after death.
The very title “Theory of Ideas” points to observation, contemplation of the first causes of all things. Contemplation represents a mental/spiritual condition which consists of deep reflection, not related to any action, through which a man forgets about himself and his surroundings (Svetislav Maric, Dictionary of Philosophy). The theory of Ideas literally means a deep reflection related with the first cause of things. In the following passage, I will try to explain Plato’s theory of Ideas the way my mind has conceived it, emphasizing my limitedness due to my youth and lack of experience and knowledge. WHAT DID PLATO WANT TO COMMUNICATE WITH HIS DIALOGUES?