Outline For Frankenstein Research Paper

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i William O’Neil Dr. James Nutter ENGL 102—Honors 24 February 2015 Romanticism Unshackled: a Study of the Modern Prometheus Thesis: Frankenstein should bear the title of Romantic literature because the novel embodies trademark Romantic ideas, situations, and characteristics throughout the text. I. In an attempt to categorize any novel as Romantic, however, one must first attempt to identify what, exactly, makes a work Romantic. a. A group of poets, including the likes of William Blake, Samuel Coleridge, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Lord Byron and—Mary’s husband—Percy Shelley, who are commonly credited as being the ground-breaking authors of the Romantic movement b. Lyrical Ballads moved poetry away from the times of the mythical and fantastical,…show more content…
People are, in theory, all bound to a certain set of natural laws and moral codes and country rules, and part of the Romantic dogma is to break free of these bounds. This is precisely what Victor was attempting to do with his reanimation experiments: “Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should first break through, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world,” (M. Shelley 52) he says, further cementing his existence as a Romantic character. Mary Shelley was a self-professed lover of Coleridge, especially his poem, “Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner,” so it comes by no surprise that she also has references to his poem “The Eolian Harp,” which is another topic breached by several of the Romantic poets because of its place in classical poetry as well. The poem grants the idea of somewhat of a breeze of inspiration playing on the heart of the subject (Coleridge). Shelley takes this idea into her novel in several places, and means it as a breeze of discovery, not just as a breeze of inspiration. Walton references this in his first letter to his sister: “I feel a cold northern breeze play upon my cheeks, which braces my nerves and fills me with delight” (M. Shelley 15). The creature then says of his first encounter with fire, “It was morning when I awoke, and my first care was to visit the fire. I uncovered it, and a gentle breeze quickly fanned it into flame” (M. Shelley 100). In both cases, the breeze—although apparently mentioned innocently—is a very deliberate maneuver on Shelley’s part to represent the same idea that Coleridge presented in “The Eolian Harp.” In Walton’s case it stands for both his inspiration to travel north, as well as providing the physical motivation to keep him pressing on. For the creature,

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