Courtesy of Clifton Leftridge, Jr, MD. [pic]Frontal view shows cortical thickening of the mandible, which is depicted as a double contour of the cortex due to subperiosteal new bone formation. Two forms of Caffey disease have been described: prenatal and infantile. The prenatal form is rare and has a poor prognosis. The prenatal form has been described as a more severe, congenital form of Caffey disease that is probably inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
Emery-Dreifuss Two, out of nine major types of this Muscular Dystrophy, Myotonic and Duchenne is the most common form of the disorders. Below are the differences I’ve found to have a better understanding of the disorder; MYOTONIC (Steinert’s disease) | DUCHENNE | * Most common form of MD in Adults | * Most common form of MD in Children | * Affects both Men and Women | * Affects only Males | * Appears any time from early childhood to adulthood | * Appears between the age of 2 and 6 years old | * In rare cases, it appears in newborns (Congenital MMD) | * Muscles decrease in size and grow weaker over time yet may appear larger | * The symptom usually worse in cold temperatures | * Many people with Duchenne need a wheelchair by the age of 12 years old | * Causes muscle weakness and also affects the central nervous system, heart, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, and hormone-producing glands | * The arms, legs, and spine become progressively deformed, and there may be some cognitive impairment. Severe breathing and heart problems mark the later stages of the disease. | * Have a decreased life expectancy | * Usually die in their late teens or early 20’s | The other five, out of nine types of Muscular Dystrophy disorder are listed as below; i. BECKER Basically similar to Duchenne, which affects only males. Except that it is much milder compare to it, and causes heart problems.
People with Marfan syndrome are usually tall and thin with disproportionately long arms, legs, fingers, and toes. The damaged caused by Marfan syndrome can be mild serve. If your heart or blood vessel is affected, the condition can become life threatening. If you are diagnosed with Marfan syndrome you’ll need to have regular echocardiograms to monitor the size and condition of your aorta. Eye tests to check for lens dislocation, cataracts or a detached retina.
Journal Article Critique January 15, 2012 HCA/220 The article I chose is “Severe and refractory myositis in mixed connective tissue disease: a description of a rare case”. (MCTD) known as mixed connective tissue disease is a generalized connective tissue disorder represented by the existence of high titer (RNP) anti-U1 rib nucleoprotein antibodies combined with clinical 6eatures usually seen in lupus erythematous, polymyositis, and scleroderma. Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) usually takes several years before a confirm diagnosis is seen. Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) has overlapping features of Scl, SLE, and PM which appears over a period of time. The early stages of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) are
Facet joint pain: physiology, diagnosis and treatment The facet joint has been increasingly recognized as an important cause of low back and neck pain. It has been estimated that facet joint pathology is a contributory factor in 15–52% of patients with chronic low back pain. However, it has also been reported that the prevalence of isolated facet joint pain may be as low as 4% (Binder D. S. and Nampiaparampil D. E., 2009). Prevalence rates of facet arthrosis were examined on 647 cadaveric lumbar spines. By the age of 60, 100% of the samples had prominent facet arthrosis.
Why Periodontal disease should be a concern to all Periodontal disease is more commonly known as gum disease or gingivitis. This infection is serious enough, that it can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. This chronic infection starts around the tooth and it affects the supporting bone and gums. Why should Periodontal disease be a concern to all? Periodontal disease can affect anywhere from one tooth to all thirty-two teeth.
Risk factors for Osteoporosis Abstract One of the best-known bone disorders, Osteoporosis is characterised by low bone mass density (BMD). The prevalence of osteoporosis increases with age and is most common in women who are post menopausal. A number of risk factors for osteoporosis have been identified by researchers and experts and this essay explores factors which can be modified. Among these factors are alcohol intake, smoking, dietary conditions, long term use of glucocorticoids, oestrogen deficiency and low BMD. Excessive intake of alcohol, for example, is known to inhibit the proliferation of osteoblasts and this decreases bone formation which in turn causes a significant increase in the risk of fracture among vulnerable groups.
Absent teeth is seen in 10-81% of cases and the absent teeth are usually the premolars. “A related syndrome, called Popliteal Pterygium syndrome, is caused by mutations within the same gene as van der Woude syndrome” (2011). Popliteal Pterygium syndrome is characterized by webbing in the skin, joining or webbing of any of the fingers or toes, genital anomalies and a characteristic fold of the skin overlying the nail, in addition to the typical features of van der Woude syndrome. Complications from van der Woude syndrome are usually caused by the cleft lip and palate. These complications tend to be difficulty feeding, voice disorders, frequent middle ear infections, and hearing loss.
Brown-Séquard syndrome is a rare spinal disorder that results from an injury to one side of the spinal cord in which the spinal cord is damaged but is not severed completely. It is usually caused by an injury to the spine in the region of the neck or back. Brown-Séquard syndrome affects males and females in equal numbers. More than 500 cases have been reported to date. The incidence of Brown-Séquard syndrome has been estimated to be 2% of all traumatic spinal cord injuries.
(Bliuc, 2009) Both conditions are very common, especially in women, so much so that the United States Surgeon General has estimated that a total of 45 million people in this country suffer from either one of these debilitating conditions. A 10 % loss of bone mass in the vertebrae can double a person’s risk of having a vertebral fracture, and a 10 % loss of bone mass in the hip increases to 2.5 times a greater risk of having a hip fracture. (Klotzbuecher, 2000) Even in today’s enlightened environment up to 80 % of individuals at high risk who have already had at least one Osteoporotic fracture and have been treated fail to follow up with annual BMD tests. (Eisman, 2004) In the past Osteoporosis been traditionally underdiagnosed and undertreated, which can be explained by one of or a combination of factors. To the patient, it has traditionally been considered as a consequence of just getting older and the early symptoms of neck or muscle pain are rarely relayed to the health care professional by the patient until fractures actually develop, so, as such, these symptoms may be overlooked as minor ailments to be tolerated.