Elyse Segebart NT1110 Computer Structure and Logic 02.15.2014 Unit 6 Analysis 1: Memory Cost RAM Prices throughout the years: Year | Average Cost Per Gigabyte | 2013 | $5.5 | 2010 | $12.37 | 2005 | $189 | 2000 | $1,107 | 1995 | $30,875 | 1990 | $103,880 | 1985 | $859,375 | 1980 | $6,328,125 | Historic RAM Prices | Year | Manufacturer | Size (KB) | Price | Price / MB | 1957 | C.C.C. | 0.00098 | $392 | $411,041,792 | 1960 | E.E.Co. | 0.00098 | $5 | $5,242,880 | 1965 | IBM | 0.00098 | $2.52 | $2,642,412 | 1970 | IBM | 0.00098 | $0.70 | $734,003 | 1975 | MITS | 0.25 | $103 | $421,888 | 1980 | Interface Age | 64 | $405 | $6,480 | 1985 | Do Kay BYTE | 512 | $440 | $880 | 1990 | Unitex BYTE | 8,192 | $851 | $106 | 1995 | Pacific Coast Micro | 16,384 | $494 | $30.9 | 2000 | Crucial | 65,536 | $72 | $1.12 | 2005 | Corsair | 1,048,576 | $189 | $0.185 | 2010 | Kingston | 8,388,608 | $99 | $0.0122 | 2013 | Crucial | 16,777,216 | $88 | $0.0054 | In 1957, one bit of RAM cost roughly $49 dollars based on the chart above. Just last year in 2013, the price per bit for ram storage is not even pennies. (My calculator doesn’t go that far, ha.)
The Pentium chip which is the most common 1993 chip from Intel contained 3,100,000 transistors. The technology behind transistors over the years has changed, they are made smaller so that microprocessors could be fitted with more, which gives faster processors. The co-founder of Intel, Gordon E. Moore in 1965 described how the amount of transistors for integrated circuits which had doubled every year, Moore predicted that for at least the next ten years the trend would continue. Now more than forty five years later this prediction is still somewhat correct. Moore stated that this could continue another decade or two, but would eventually reach its limits at atomic levels of miniaturization.
3. Identify the processor model and year when two billion transistors were placed on a single processor chip. * In 2008 * The next generation in the Intel Itanium processor family code named Tukwila is described. The 21.5 mm by 32.5 mm die contains 2.05 billion transistors, making it the first two billion transistor microprocessor ever reported. Tukwila combines four ported Itanium cores with a new system interface and high speed serial interconnects to deliver greater than 2X performance relative to the Montecito and Montvale family of processors , .
Phaedra Rosengarth 9/22/14 NT1110 Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Processor | Transistor Count | Date of Introduction | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1971 | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1972 | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1974 | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1976 | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1978 | Intel 8088 | 29,000 | 1979 | Intel 80186 | 55,000 | 1982 | Intel 80286 | 134,000 | 1982 | Intel 80386 | 275,000 | 1985 | Intel 80486 | 1,180,235 | 1989 | Pentium | 3,100,000 | 1993 | Pentium Pro | 5,500,000 | 1995 | Pentium II | 7,500,000 | 1997 | Pentium III | 9,500,000 | 1999 | Pentium 4 | 42,000,000 | 2000 | Itanium 2 McKinley | 220,000,000 | 2002 | Core 2 Duo | 291,000,000 | 2008 | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 410,000,000 | 2003 |
a. AMD b. Apple c. IBM d. MITS 8. Moore’s law that states that the number of transistors that can fit on an integrated circuit chip __________ every 18-24 months. a. doubles b. triples c. quadruples d. increases ten-fold 9. The first operating system for the personal computer was __________. a.
Processes, Systems, and Information (Kroenke/McKinney) Chapter 1 Introduction to MIS 1) Moore's Law states that the number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 6 Difficulty: Easy AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 2) Moore's Law states that the speed of a computer doubles every 18 months. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 6 Difficulty: Easy AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 3) As a result of Moore's Law, the ratio of price to performance of computers has increased dramatically over the years. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 6 Difficulty: Easy AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 4) The phenomenal growth of YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter are examples of how Moore's Law can impact the business environment. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 7 Difficulty: Moderate AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 5) Because of Moore's Law, any routine skill can and will be outsourced to the lowest bidder.
The first thing an analyst may look at is Kodak’s sales and operating costs. Kodak income statement shows an increase in sales since 2002 and its operating costs show about a 15 percent increase between 2002 and 2003. Looking at this point of Kodak’s income statement an analyst may consider Kodak to be somewhat profitable but because of Kodak’s increase in operating cost an analyst would dig deeper as to what was the cause of Kodak’s operating cost increase. The increase in operating cost between 2002 and 2003 seems rather large considering Kodak only increased its sales by almost 3 percent. Taking a further look, an analyst might have some concerns when looking over Kodak’s account payables and liabilities.
Computer business systems have been around for 40 years. Desktop computers have been around for 20 years. Why do business systems, in general, still need more development? o Please respond to Question 1 no later than Saturday, Day 5. There are many reasons why there needs to be constant development of new systems.
Write at least one paragraph. Buying an extra copier would probably be a good choice, since the amount of revenue lost almost doubles (US$17,805.50 vs. US$8,000.00) the cost of buying an extra copier. I feel confident with my answer, although there are some limitations to it. As was mentioned before, the sum of the weeks will not always add up to 1 years’ worth, so that needs to be taken into account. Also, this simulation must be run several times to find the average amount
Dick’s Sporting Goods is rapidly growing and achieving things that many people thought would be impossible. This year alone, Dick's Sporting Goods has exceeded expectations with its third-quarter results and they have also pleased their shareholders with its plans to start paying dividends. Dick’s Sporting Goods now operates more than 450 shops across 42 states, along with 81 Golf Galaxy stores in 30 states and they do not plan to stop here. Dick's third-quarter net sales rose by 9.3% from the year-earlier, to almost $1.2 billion, with the help of additional sales from 19 newly opened stores. The company's gross margins went up by 126 basis points, to 29.7%, mainly because of better inventory management and a change in the product mix and selling and administration expenses range in at $274.4 million.