Municipal Solid Waste

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Introduction Municipal solid waste MSW is defined as any forms of sludge, refuse, solid and semi-solid compounds controlled by industrial, commercial and domestic activities. These forms of MSW can be summarised as any substance which constitutes a scrap material or an effluent or any other unwanted substance arising from the application of any process(1). The disposal of this municipal waste has various technical, environmental and political factors which are associated with both landfill disposal and Incineration. These two methods of disposing of MSW are an essential function of the United Kingdom’s waste disposal strategy and therefore the most commonly used waste disposal methods. Due to the various environmental issues arising from these methods, the potential contribution of “Energy from Waste” technology is currently being developed. The problems surrounding solid waste disposal within the UK is an ongoing issue which is going to be examined within this document. Sources of Municipal Solid Waste As mentioned MSW, is created by the processes of industrial, commercial and domestic activities. Industrial waste applies widely to waste created from factories, public transport sectors and supply services such as gas, water, electricity and telecommunications. This also applies to commercial garages, laboratories, workshops, excavation works and certain categories of sewage and clinical waste. Domestic waste on the other hand, covers areas such as households, prisons, public meeting venues, churches, residential homes, educational and health establishments. Moving on, waste created from premises used fully or partially for the purposes of trade, business, sport and recreation is known as commercial waste. This also includes waste from offices, showroom buildings, hotels, vehicle maintenance garages, clubs and societies. However, commercial waste does not

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