Ledc Eathquake Essay

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Case Study of an LEDC Earthquake Afghanistan 1998 Where did the eruption take place? Province of Takhar, Afghanistan, Middle east. When did the eruption take place? February 4th 1998. What were the causes of the quake? Afghanistan lies on a collision plate boundary where the Iranian and Eurasian plates meet as both plates consist of continental crust, which can neither sink nor be destroyed. The rooks between them are forced upwards to form a high fold mountains .The constant movement of the Iranian plate causes an increase in pressure which often causes earthquakes. What were the effects of the quake? A relief team reported 20 villages destroyed and the death total could pass 4000. Destroyed road communications and transport this stopped the aid from coming in. 10 000 people were injured and 15000 were mad homeless .Later in 1988 the region was hit by another earthquake which killed a further 300 people. How was the event managed? It took 4 days for a relief team to reach the area. Relief agencies had aid flights ready but were constantly held back by bad weather (fog, snow, avalanches).Reports suggested that people had to live under sub –zero temperatures and thousands facing starvation. Helicopters were at last able to drop supplies to three isolated villages 11 days after the event. Why is Afghanistan unable to cope with a major earthquake? Afghanistan does not have the money, the infrastructure or the technology to predict plan or cope with a major earthquake. They rely mostly on international aid. Houses are often poorly built. Even in the capital city, buildings are unlikely to be reinforced to withstand serve movements. Roads are poor often only rough tracks in rural areas and the mountains. How might the effects of earthquake be reduced in LEDC’S and MEDC’S? Both LEDC’S and MEDC’S take different measures to minimise the impact of

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