a. strain buildup only b. location of foci c. magnitude of P-waves [pic] d. reoccurrence rates of earthquakes in an area and the rate of strain buildup 2. What are most earthquakes associated with? a. rift valleys b. mid-ocean ridges c. divergent plate boundaries [pic] d. plate boundaries 3. At what point in the graph would a rock be permanently deformed? [pic] a. at the start of the stress [pic] b. past
“We all began at once to telegraph Charleston but received no response. The destructive earthquake damaged over 2,000 buildings causing $6-million worth in damage. 60 or more lives were taken. The earthquake began at exactly 9:51 PM. Many people would have been thrown out of bed if they were sleeping at that time.
(Some geologists argue that this portion of the Eurasian Plate is actually a fragment of the North American Plate called the Okhotsk microplate.) A part of the subduction zone measuring approximately 190 miles (300 km) long by 95 miles (150 km) wide lurched as much as 164 feet (50 metres) to the east-southeast and thrust upward about 33 feet (10 metres). (“Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011, 1”) A series of extremely destructive tsunami waves followed the 9.0 earthquake along with the dozens of foreshocks and aftershocks that came with it. The city of Sendai, its surrounding area and airport were pounded by a wave
The damage and loss of life has caused significant delays to the release of LPHG's release of EFHG. | DRP Documents: (e.g., disaster recovery plan, backup plans etc.) Include specific details about the documents, including completeness. | The Disaster Preparedness plan was not written as thoroughly as possible and left little direction to the disaster recovery team. it was missing major information, such as a list of critical services, Employee contact information and vendor contact information.
Seismic shockwaves travelled from Awaji Island (the epicentre) along the Nojima Fault to the cities of Kobe and Osaka. This region is the second most populated and industrialized area after Tokyo, with a total population of about 10 million. The ground shook for only 20 seconds but in that short time around 5,000 people died, over 300,000 people became homeless and economic cost of about £100 billion was caused to roads, houses, factories and infrastructure. However Japan is known for its earthquakes proof structures. So why did so many people die?
By the time it hit Sri Lanka and India it was 9am. Two hours later the waves hit Sri Lanka, 150 people were reported dead and within half an hour, the figure reached 3,000. From 10am -11am a massive rescue operation began. The estimated death toll reached up to 26,000, with at
The S-waves shake the ground making earthquakes so damaging and the reactor core is shut down (Kerger, 2011. Four miles below the surface the earth is altering caught in a gigantic slow motion collision. Japan lies at the Pacific Plate and rams into the Eurasian Plate causing the Eurasian Plate to shift and cave under. Eventually the plates snap causing an earthquake. This earthquake lasted an impressive five minutes and measured at a magnitude 9.0.
The shifting of the earth’s plates in the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26, 2004 caused a rupture more than 600 miles long, displacing the seafloor above the rupture by perhaps 10 yards horizontally and several yards vertically. As a result, trillions of tons of rock were moved along hundreds of miles and caused the planet to shudder with the largest magnitude earthquake in 40 years. Within hours of the earthquake, killer waves radiating from the epicentre slammed into the coastline of 11 Indian Ocean countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand. A tsunami is a series of waves, and the first wave may not be the most dangerous. A tsunami “wave train” may come as surges five minutes to an hour apart.
Due to the fallen building and poor infrastructure, aid was not able to reach Haiti for almost a week. The first on the scene were Iceland, along with the USA. They brought much-needed emergency water, food and healthcare supplies. Field hospitals were set up by the Red Cross, and UN troops were sent in to help cope with the looting which broke out in the aftermath of the disaster. In the longer term, farmers were supported by the aid given, schools were rebuilt, and “cash for
In addition to loss of life and destruction of infrastructure, the tsunami caused a number of nuclear accidents and the associated evacuation zones affecting hundreds of thousands of residents. The overall cost could exceed US$300 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster on record. 2. The full impact of Japan’s earthquake and tsunami will not be known for some time. The world’s focus at this time is on the enormous loss of life as a result of this tragedy.