Past disasters include the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 (magnitude 7.8) which along with subsequent fires destroyed much of the city. Droughts 1. Droughts in California can be caused by anticyclones (long-lasting periods of high air pressure with sinking, dry air. Dry, sinking air means no rain. 2.
The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was one of the most devastating earthquakes in the history of the Americas. On Thursday, September 19, 1985, at 7:19 am. local time, Mexico City was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 8.1 on the Richter scale. The epicenter of the earthquake was off the Pacific coast of the Mexican state of Michoacán, a distance of 350 km, in the Cocos Plate subduction zone. It was felt as far away as Los Angeles, California.
Haiti Earthquake, January 2010 Terrah-Leigh Ann Pietersen On the 12th of January, 2010, an earthquake struck Haiti which measured up to 7.0 on the Richter scale. This caused an estimate of 230, 000 to 316, and 000 to have died. The earthquake was produced form the fault line that separates the Caribbean tectonic plate from the North American plate. The fault line ran from east to west. It was miles away from the capital called Port au Prince.
Tension [pic] d. Compression 6. What is Earth's core composed of? [pic] a. hydrogen and iron b. magnesium and silicon [pic] c. iron and nickel d. nickel and silicon 7. A large ocean wave that is generated by vertical motions of the seafloor during an earthquake is called a(n) __________. a. upwelling current b. seiche [pic] c. tsunami d. tidal range 8.
More than 2,000 killed, 3,000 injured and $550 million damage in Chile; seismic sea wave caused 56 deaths, $75 million damage in Hawaii; 138 deaths and $50 million damage in Japan; $500 thousand damage to west coast of the United States. From ISC Bulletin, The International Seismological Summary. The following table lists particulars reported by the Survey for the larger shocks of the series of destructive earthquakes in central and southern Chile which began on May 21 and which is still continuing as of this writing in mid-August. The
Quakes happen when the frictional stress from the movement exceeds the strength of the Earth’s rock. This results in a failure at a fault line. Then severe displacement of the Earth’s crust causes a release of an elastic strain of energy. This energy then creates shock waves that radiate and initiate an Earthquake. In the case of the Haiti earthquake, the Caribbean and North American plates slid past another in an east-west direction.
Trevor Palmer 4/30/14 5th Period 1960 Chilean & Japanese Tsunami Natural disasters can happen at any moment, ranging from the most deadly to just minor natural disaster, but on this day in May of 1960 something happened that will never be forgotten. They say it was the largest earthquake that ever happened off the coast of Chile and because of that a tsunami happened also. According to the Natural Disaster Organization “the earthquake hit at 7:11 pm approximately 100 miles off the coast of Chile”. The shock of the earthquake had a large magnitude of at most 9.5, this goes without saying that there were warnings of this going to happen the day before. The deadly earthquake caused a large amount of damage and death in the country and in the pacific coastal areas.
(live science.com) One of the most memorable rogue wave occurrences was on October 30, 1991. It was called the perfect storm. According to CNN.com, an enormous extra tropical low is creating havoc along the entire Eastern Atlantic Seaboard in this infrared image at 1200 UTC (0700 EST) on October 30, 1991. Labeled the "perfect storm" by the National Weather Service, the storm sank the sword fishing boat Andrea Gail, whose story became the basis for the currently best-selling novel "The Perfect Storm" by Sebastian Junger. Ocean waves peaked at 100 feet, the height of 10-story buildings.
Frequent collapses of lava-dome complexes, most recently in 1964, have produced large debris avalanches whose deposits cover much of the floor of the breached caldera. During the 1990s, intermittent explosive eruptions took place from a new lava dome that began growing in 1980. The largest historical eruptions from Shiveluch occurred in 1854 and
Japan is well known for being particularly amenable to subduction zone earthquakes, with huge pressures brought to bear by the sticking tectonic plate zones nearby it, and the slipping results in many earthquakes, some of them very big for instance the Tohoku earthquake. The Tohoku earthquake of March 11, 2011 also referred to as the Great East Japan Earthquake in Japan was one of the most powerful earthquakes that ever hit Japan and worldwide it’s recorded as the fifth most powerful earth quake. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that resulted into 15,883 deaths, 6,149injured and 2,652 people missing. The earthquake occurred in the north-western Pacific Ocean and lasted for approximately 6minutes. Initially, the earthquake was reported as having a 7.9magnitude (MW) and later it was raised to 8.8 then 8.9MW and finally to 9.0MW.