Juvenile Offenders in Adult Criminal Court

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In the state of Ohio a child is defined as a person under the age of 18. However, the state of Ohio Revised Code 2152.10 states that a child under the age of 18, can be tried as an adult only if the child was age 14 or older at the time of the offense. The child can be tried as an adult if the court so orders it. In this particular case the court could decide whether the child stays in juvenile court for the proceedings or if the child is transferred to adult court. The defendant in question is a fifteen year old male charged with murder of an elderly woman. The defendant according to the case study suffers from: "Borderline Intellectual Functioning, various learning disabilities, and has taken medication for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. He also has attended special education classes in the past and was recently expelled from his assigned school, but was attending an alternative school prior to his arrest." By Ohio standards the young man could be moved to adult court due to his age. However, with the mental issues and social issues the young man suffers from could keep him in juvenile court. The young man needs to be able to understand what is going on and what are the possible consequences to what has happened. Rule 32 A 2 & 4 of the Ohio Rules of Juvenile procedure deals with the issue of the juvenile being transferred to adult court and the competency of the juvenile. Rule 32 A Social history; Physical examination; Mental examination; Investigation involving the allocation of parental rights and Responsibilities for the care of children states that: "Social history and physical or mental examination: availability before adjudication. The court may order and utilize a social history or physical or mental examination at any time after the filing of a complaint under any of the following circumstances: 2. Where transfer of a child for
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