On the other hand, the nobility had many rights. Today it’s greatly known that the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were well influenced from the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment thinkers argued against these traditions, and called for individual freedoms, governments of the people, and religious freedom. They were "enlightened" because they believed that humans could answer questions for them, and sought ways to put this philosophy into practice. John Locke, an Enlightenment thinker, highly influenced the Declaration of Independence.
As a result, Jefferson, Montesquieu, Locke, and other members of the founding generation were deeply influenced by this 18th-century European intellectual movement. These philosophers were exposed to some of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment who believed rational thought and useful knowledge guaranteed an optimistic outlook of hope and promise of a better future. Not only that, but the many culminating revolutions that revolved - the Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, etc. - as well as a great environmental awareness were many factors as a result of the Enlightenment. Jefferson drew upon his education in law and Enlightenment philosophy in order to compose the Declaration of Independence, a treatise that focused on liberty and slavery.
Writers That Influenced Our Government John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau where two of the greatest influential thinkers, during the enlightenment period in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe. Both of who had great impact on Jefferson and Madison and as a result Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. John Locke born 1632 died 1704 was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. Locke was born in Wrington to Puritan parents of modest means.
Our founding fathers were inspired by influential people to write the great documents for America. For instance, Thomas Jefferson, the primary author of the Declaration of Independence, was inspired by ideas of philosophers in the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment ideas from political philosophers were used by other founding fathers as a means to motivate others for the Revolution. After the Revolution, James Madison also used ideas of Enlightenment philosophers to construct the United States Constitution. Philosophers, like Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau, all had a great influence in the making of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
In three important ways, Washington helped shape the beginning of this(our) evolving civilization. For instance, he commanded the Continental Army that won American Independence from Great Britain, known as the Revolutionary War. I’m not sure I like this word furthermore, here. He was also nominated as the president of the U.S. Constitutional Convention which wrote the U.S. Constitution.
Leading causes of the American Revolution The American Revolution was by far the most important war in the history of the United States. The war gave the original 13 colonies their freedom from Great Britain and started a new country, the United States of America. Three leading causes of the American Revolution are new Enlightenment ideas, many acts imposed on the colonists, and the formation of the First Continental Congress and the Declaration of Independence. During the 1700s, a new way of thinking came about and it is known as the Enlightenment Period. Enlightenment can be defined as “a philosophical movement in 18th century that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that govern social behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics.” A British man by the name of John Locke in 1690 argued that governments were created to protect life, liberty, and property and that people had a right to rebel when a monarch violated those natural rights.
The Enlightenment was a period of time when The Enlightenment was “During the 18th-century European movement in which thinkers attempted to apply principles of reason and scientific method to all aspects of society”. (Beck, Black, Kreieger 218) “Members of the Third Estate were inspired by the success of the American Revolution. They had began questioning long-lasting notions about the structure of society”. (Beck, Black, Kreieger 218) Another thing that is part of the Cultural causes is that they believe in Democracy. The reason they believed in Democracy is because Rousseau and Voltaire began to demand equality, liberty, and democracy.
How did their ideas help shape the current government of the United States? John Locke was one of the early philosophical contributors to the U.S government. He affected thee principles on which the government of the U.S was then founded. John Locke left the legacy of thoughts on human’s religions, the economics and its structure. He noted that the concept of his perception of powers and the ideas about the basis of prosperity.
Judicial Review Thesis: The power of the judicial review has changed as America grew but the basic fundamentals were so advantageous that they revolutionized the justice systems of countries in Europe and the rest of the world. The other countries of the world adopted judicial review because it gave the courts a way to indirectly enforce their rulings. Judicial review is the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional. Judicial review, is the most significant foundation of judicial power in the United States, it allows the judiciary branch to decide the constitutionality of acts by the congress and the white house. Judicial review allows the judiciary branch enforce their rulings.
During George Washington’s term, Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed with each other’s views of how the government should run. Jefferson was very strict with staying and adhering to the Constitution, while Hamilton wanted to form new policies that would further progress the economy. Furthermore, foreign affairs such as beginning with the policies towards the French Revolution became a motivating force for influencing American politics. It had then seemed very obvious that these were factors that lead to the success of American politics. In the early 1790’s Washington was elected for president and Alexander Hamilton came along with him.