Itt Unit1 Linux

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Homework Assignment 1.1 Provide brief but complete answers to the following questions. Q1: What did Richard Stallman mean when he stated that GNU was a free operating system? A1: Stallman’s original manifesto stated, “… I am writing so that I can give it away free to everyone who can use it.” He later amended this because of a perceived confusion over the meaning of “Free” to say that “… nobody would have to pay for *permission* to use the GNU system”. Basically, Stallman wanted individual to have the right to use, distribute, and modify GNU unencumbered; while allowing business to charge for distribution and support if they choose to do so. This is how we’ve come to view Open Source today. Q2: Describe the relationship between Linux and the GNU Project. A2: The GNU Project was almost finished but missing a complete Kernel when Torvalds wrote the Kernal for Linux. Torvalds and his group then adapted the existing free programming that the GNU Project had developed to finish Linux – and, the GNU Project finished their Kernel using the Linux Kernel. Q3: List and describe in detail the four advantages of Linux. A3: One advantage of Linux is cost. Since it is Open Source software, there are no license fees per copy or per usage. This makes it very affordable, especially for large operations. Another advantage is Portability. Linux is a generic operating system that can run on different types of hardware from different manufacturers. This allows it to be used in embedded computers as well as microprocessors-based systems and mainframes as well. A third advantage of Linux is its security. Because it is logical based rather than being tied to the hardware, everything is file based, which makes it more secure. And finally, the fourth advantage of Linux is that it was built to support multiple users. So it can run multiple tasks with many different users
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