# Intermediate Accounting Week 6 Project

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August 14, 2011 Week 6 Project 2 International Reporting Case A.) 1.) Return on Assets \$58,333 (net income) / \$1,404,726 (total assets) = 4.15% 2.) Return on stockholder’s equity \$58,333 (net income) / \$176,413 (stockholder’s equity) = 33.07% 3.) Debt to assets ratio \$1,202,134 (total debt) / \$1,404,726 (total assets) = 87.4% B.) ROA is a measure of profitability or effectiveness of resource usage calculated by expressing a company’s net income as a percentage of total assets. As for Sepracor, its ROA is 4.5%. This means that Sepracor created 4.5 cents of earnings from each dollar of assets. The ROE for Sepracor is 33.07%, which means that 33.07 cents of assets are created for each dollar that was originally invested. It measures how Sepracor is using its money. The higher the return on equity, the more funds available to be invested in improving business operations without having to invest more capital. Debt to asset ratio measures the company’s solvency, and the higher the ratio, the lower the borrowing capacity for the company. I would make an investment in the company’s 5% convertible bonds. Sepracor’s ROA and ROE is above the average and showing that it is profitable; however, the company’s debt to asset ratio is above 1, which means that most of its assets are financed through debt instead of equity. Sepracor would be in trouble if its creditors were to start demanding repayment. C.) To make valid comparisons between Sepracor and Bayer, you would have to compare the rules for fair value under the U.S GAAP and iGAAP. Under IFRS, convertible bonds are separately recorded as liabilities and stockholder’s equities. Since Bayer had convertible bonds, they would allocate the bond amount between debt and equity. The debt and equity components of a convertible bond are separately recorded as liabilities and stockholders’ equity.