Chapter 4 Vocab Quiz for Chapters 4-5: Matching 1. Americanization-The demand that immigrants to the United States reject their ethnic or cultural heritage and conform to American ways as defined by the dominant group. 2. Anti-Semitism-Having anti-Jewish prejudices or stereotypes, or engaging in discrimination against Jews. 3.
To what extent was the growing hostility towards immigrants in the 1920s a result of political fears? America was widely believed to be the 'land of opportunity' where people, no matter what they're background or where they came from could come to America and begin a new life. However by 1919 the 'open door policy' that America had was beginning to close and and hostility towards immigrants was increasing. Woodrow Wilson in 1915 spoke of everybody in one nation from different nations coming together and developing into the American man and woman. However, this was not the case.
The instability and inconsistency of the “American” during bouts of contention fortifies his central claim of the mutability of national identity. America’s history of warfare is definitive evidence of the expansion and contraction of people to be considered apart of the American citizenry. Higher prominence was stressed on the boundaries of inclusion and exclusion the more substantial the rights of citizenship were. Foner articulates that the definition of these rights have changed as a result of battles at Americas illusory border- the demands of excluded groups for inclusion. For example, Foner specifies that following the Civil War and also in the 1950s and 60’s “the struggle for full citizenship by former slaves and their descendants inspired similar claims by other groups and transformed what it is to be an American.”(Pg.
These acts were directed at new immigrants hoping to become citizens. The Naturalization Act increased the amount for an immigrant to become a citizen of the U.S.; the Alien Act allowed the president to expel any aliens that maybe suspicious and/or dangerous; and the Sedition Act severely hurt those who attempted to criticize the government or president. However, Adams did not initiate these act; nonetheless, he did not repudiate them. These acts were seen as a challenge to rights in the constitution by many people. Adams and Federalists lost a lot of support due to the harshness of these acts.
PLEDGE OF ALLEGANCE There are many different views and ways to interpret the phrase “Under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance I will focus on the historical and political references to American culture, and American nationalism, to give relevance to the words “Under God” in the pledge. The pledge of Allegiance written by Francis Bellamy was instituted in 1892 as a pledge to the American Flag. The pledge was part of a strong effort by the Benjamin Harrison administration to assist in the reconstruction of the union after the Civil War. In 1954 congress amended the pledge to include the words “Under God”. This was done in an effort to thwart the growing threat or perceived threat communism had on the American idea of freedom and capitalism.
This links into the title point that Mussolini had a wide support base and that it was growing. This aslo links to andother factor of his appointment, Mussolinis tactics, he used the dual stratagy, which is the threat of violence but staying within the political system. The nationalists, who wanted a stronger Italy, would have been used as a threat of violence and rebellion. Another factor from the war was the demobalistaion of 5 million troop, this created high unemployment, both were seeking jobs and recognition for their part in the war. The troops would have felt let down as well, so therefore wanted reform and supported Mussolinis violence tactic.
John Hughes and Benjamin Franklin came up with the Stamp Act which many people did not like. (DOC G) John Hughes was beggining to run the government down into nothing. Which would cause more taxes for the Americans and whatnot. The Americans would really begin to not like John Hughes and want to separate from Britian even more. So these were some of the reasons tt the American colones separated from the British.
It was suggested that German and Italian immigrants should also be included in the internment orders due to the potential security risk they posed (Fox, 1988). This policy faced more stiff opposition from within the government due to the potential backlash by the large number of American-born descendants of these immigrants and the potential to sway public opinion against the effort. Despite this opposition, the policy was eventually enacted and German and Italian immigrants were forced into internment camps similar to the Japanese. The exclusion order authorizing the detention of immigrants was officially rescinded on January 2nd, 1945. Most internees started leaving their camps to return home and attempt to rebuild their lives.
The 1920’s were a period of tension between new and changing attitudes on the one hand and traditional values and nostalgia on the other. What led to the tension between old and new and in what ways was the tension manifested? The backlash that was caused by World War 1 in the United States left the people with differing opinions and the tension between citizens was mounting. Americans combated the results of the war with a revitalization of artistic values, heated debates over religious beliefs, and creating new political doctrines. The manifestation of these tensions was depicted by the manner in which Americans responded to the results of the Great War.
Founding Fathers Reconsidered The United States of America was founded by numerous amounts of immigrants and foreigners. Many were hard working men and women that wanted to escape the scrutiny and conviction of their beliefs. For every tyrant, there are revolutionaries who wish change for the common good. These revolutionaries helped to make this country what it is today. The Founding Fathers of America were political leaders and statesmen, who participated in the American Revolution by signing the Declaration of Independence, fighting in the Revolutionary War, and establishing the Constitution.