One of the main aims of the communist regime was to industrialise the country, they wanted to change Russia from a ‘backward peasant-based country’ to a modern more industry based society. Stalin is quick to undertake this, and the five year plans are designed to break away from the New Economic Policy(NEP) and bring about rapid industrialisation. The five year plans were a set of plans to last for five years, set by the government. The first five year plan was based on heavy industry in a state-owned and directed economy, which resulted in private businesses and trade being swept away. This in itself suggests totalitarian control, the government established full control of the economy and business, it also fits in with communist plans, to industrialise the country.
The Marshall Aid plan also created worry in the USSR since it was revitalizing the German economy and it was the Germans who had twice invaded the USSR and caused great damage to it, especially Hitler’s regime, which had invaded less that five years ago and Russia was still recovering from the damage caused. There are also reasons which support the idea that Truman was not a large cause for the beginning of the Cold War. Stalin also committed actions which drove to the beginning of the Cold War. The first of these is the suggestion of a “sphere of influence” around the USSR, this suggested the expansion of Communism and gave way to west leaders fearing what was called the “Domino Theory” (if one country falls to communism, others will quickly fall in succession). The second was the Berlin Blockade, which strained relationships with the western world and isolated the USSR and other communist countries from the rest of the world in what was called the Iron Curtain.
Such as in source 8 which claims the USA wanted a war with the USSR to help its economy, emphasising the impact of the Military Industrial Complex on aggressive foreign policy which played a huge role in the development of the Cold War. Furthermore it can be argued that it was the misunderstanding and confusion between the two nations which owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8.
Socially, this removed the intelligentsia from opposing Lenin.Following Lenin’s death in January 1924, Stalin assumed leadership over the Communist Party, the Bolsheviks. Economically, his implementation of the ‘Five-Year Plans’, from 1928-32, 1933-37 and 1938-41, the latter interrupted by the German invasion, turned the USSR into a ‘command economy’, aided by state propaganda, which aided in creating Stalin’s ‘Cult of Personality’, and slave labour from the Gulags.Stalin also changed the social fabric of the USSR, through the Purges, the NKVD secret police and the Show Trials, where he eliminated his main political oponnents, such as Lev Kamenev and Victor Zinoviev, as well as NKVD chief Beryia and several members of
Which motives were most decisive? How far were economic problems responsible for Stalin’s decision to replace the New Economic Policy in 1928 with the first Five-Year Plan? There seemed to be various reasons why Stalin decided to replace the New Economic Policy with the first Five-Year Plan in 1928. These included economic problems, the role of ideology, a fear of invasion and political considerations. Although economic problems certainly were an important reason for Stalin’s decision, the most significant reason must have been political, since the consolidation of his power position had always been Stalin’s prime concern.
Why Was the Berlin Blockade so Important? By early 1948 Stalin had control of most of Eastern Europe. The Americans responded to this by making the Western Europe wealthy and pro-American because they saw the Soviet Union as a threat and a weak Germany could be taken over by communism and a strong Germany could act as a buffer against communism. On the other hand Stalin thought that a strong Germany could repeat the invasions on 1914 and 1941 so he stripped them of all useful equipment and machinery. In 1947 Britain and France decided to join their zones together (Bizonia) and then a few months later France joined to make it (Trizonia).
As a description of United States foreign policy, the word originated in a report Kennan submitted to the U.S. defense secretary in 1947 This report was later used in a magazine article. As the perceived threat from the Soviet Union continued to grow, the West became desperate to stop the spread of communism. After WWII, the communist community grew quickly in many parts of Europe. England was desperately trying to stop the spread of European communism in key countries, one of which was Greece. A fear shared by the U.S. and Britain was that if Greece became communist, so would Turkey, and the Soviets would control the eastern Mediterranean.
This, however, was seen by the Soviet Union as a form of economic expansion through which the Americans were bringing Eastern European states into their own sphere of influence, and was a direct challenge to their authority. It is possible to argue that the Americans were indeed trying to help struggling states with their growth and that the aims were purely altruistic in nature. However, it must be noted that the Marshall Plan did have strings attached, forcing the countries that it provided aid for to open their markets for American goods and not advancing it to countries who did not do
The Nazis said they could solve these problems, and create many jobs in the army and building work. This meant that people began to support Hitler as he promised to solve their problems. The Weimar government was struggling to deal with the crisis, and did not want to cause another problem like hyperinflation. The people of Germany had no faith in The Weimar government and knew they had to turn to another party to solve the situation, Hitler promised to solve it so everyone began to support him. All of these pieces of evidence show that The Wall Street Crash was a main factor in The Nazis rising to power.