How sucessfull were Stalins economic policies? Essay

1265 WordsFeb 8, 20096 Pages
How successful were Stalin’s economic policies? In 1928 Stalin main objective was to convert USSR into a modern economic power. Although the NEP had brought some economic development Russia was still far behind any other state in Europe. Stalin him self stated that the Soviet Union would be fifty to one hundred years behind the advanced countries and that they would have to make good this disadvantage in ten years or get crushed by those other countries. Stalin therefore abolished the NEP and introduced a new series of economic policies. These policies can be divided into industrial and agricultural policies. To see how successful these policies really were in modernising the Soviet Union we first of all have to look at what the particular aims of the policies were to analyse then how successful thy were in achieving these single aims. To do this we are first going to look at the industrial policies. Stalin’s industrial economic policies were put together in the three Five- Year Plans he launched in the time from 1928 onwards. These Five- Years Plans were launched for a number of reasons. One of the main reasons was the fear of a foreign invasion. Russia’s Economy was far behind the ones of the great western Powers what meant that as long as Stalin didn’t turn the USSR into an modern industrial country Russia would be an easy target for these powers. Not only that Britain and France had already showed their willingness to attack the USSR now also Hitler had to be seen as a growing threat to the young communist state. To prevent a foreign invasion Russia’s heavy industry had to increase dramatically. Another reason for the FYP’s was that the state wanted to achieve more control over the single industries. On this way the state should be able to direct the resources in the most efficient manner. The third main reason was the survival of the revolution. As the
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