How Successful Was Henry Vii in Dealing with Challenges to His Royal Authority in the Years 1489-1499? (24 Marks)

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How successful was Henry VII in dealing with challenges to his royal authority in the years 1489-1499? 24 marks In the years 1489 to 1499, Henry dealt with three domestic uprisings, as well as foreign wars. The main challenges to his authority as king came from rebellions and pretenders to the throne. The fact that he was still on the throne until 1509 shows that he was successful at dealing with these challenges and was a capable and effective ruler. The Yorkshire rebellion in 1489, which was due to people in Yorkshire having to pay taxes for a war in Brittany, was not really a success for Henry; although he dealt with it sufficiently for it not to seriously affect his reign, it was not as much a success as he might have hoped. It was partly successful in that it remained a local uprising and did not spread to London or garner any major support. The most influential person to be associated with the rebellion was Sir John Egremont, an illegitimate member of the Percy family, who fled England for the court of Margaret of Burgundy. However, in the end the rebellion did not turn out in a way that overly benefited Henry. An influential nobleman, the Duke of Northumberland, was killed by the rebels whilst attempting to negotiate a peace with them. This may have been an advantage to Henry, as Northumberland was a possible future traitor; although he had not backed Richard at the Battle of Bosworth, he had not openly supported Henry either. This sort of open rebellion and the murder of a major noble will most likely have come as a shock to Henry, however, which may have accounted for the way in which he dealt with the rebellion afterwards. Another thing that shows Henry’s difficulty in dealing with this rebellion is that afterwards he did not collect taxes from Yorkshire for the war with France, which ultimately led to his defeat. This shows that Henry caved
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