How Children Learn to Read and Write

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How Children Learn to Read and Write. “Between the ages of four and nine, children have to master 100 phonics rules, learn to recognise 3,000 words with just a glance, and develop comfortable reading speeds approaching 100 words a minute. He must learn to combine words on the page with a half-dozen squiggles called punctuation into something – a voice or image in his mind that gives back meaning.” (Paul Kropp,1996) “Play is a valuable tool for learning,” (Sigrid Perez, executive director of Play Pilipinas). Every skill that children acquire is based on their play talent. Play is the work of children – through play and interaction, children learn how to walk, reach, talk, listen, read, and write. In all societies there are typical behaviours of emergent and beginning readers, and how each of these behaviours relates to reading and writing. “For a small child there is no division between playing and learning; between the things he or she does ‘just for fun’ and things that are ‘educational.’ The child learns while living and any part of living that is enjoyable is also play”. ~ Penelope Leach (psychologist and author). The child see that communication is fun and a part of play and so learns that language is fun, and plays and works to acquire literacy ands numeracy. Emerging literacy “Children's literacy development is a continuous process beginning in infancy with exposure to oral language, written language, books, and stories in the home.” (Emerging Literacy: Young Children Learn To Read and Write Strickland, Dorothy S., Ed.; Morrow, Lesley Mandel, Ed.) Emerging literacy describes the gradual, ongoing process of learning to understand and use language that begins at birth and continues through the early childhood years (i.e. from infancy through to age eight). During this period children first learn to use aural and oral forms of language (listening and speaking)

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