These revolutions followed the American and French Revolutions, which had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americans. Simon Bolivar was an influence of the Latin American Revolution. His goals were to mold the former Spanish colonies of South America into a confederation just like the U.S. The Latin American War of Independence comprised numerous wars and conflicts which took place between 1808 - 1829. He fought against Spanish rule in 1811 with the inspiration of George Washington.
Revolutionary War (1775–83): Causes The roots of the Revolutionary War ran deep in the structure of the British empire, an entity transformed, like the British state itself, by the Anglo‐French wars of the eighteenth century. After the fourth of these conflicts, the Seven Years' (or French and Indian) War, the British government tried to reform the now greatly expanded empire. The American colonists resisted, creating a series of crises that culminated in the armed rebellion of 1775. The Imperial Background. With the Glorious Revolution (1688), England's foreign policy took the anti‐French path it followed until 1815—a path that led to four wars before 1775.
Being under Spaniards control, the Cubans had limited freedom and decided to take actions into their own hands. “The Cubans struggle for independence from Spain. Ten years guerilla war had followed a Cuban revolt in 1868” (658). This battle between the Cubans and Spaniards was called “Guerra de los Diez Años” which means Ten Year Wars. The United States took interest in this conflict and decided to provide the Cubans with materials to help them.
Along with the goal of removing Napoleon from Portugal, Brazil’s only set goal politically was to become independent. Because of Napoleon’s invasion of Spain starting in 1808, Mexico and other colonies started to become very passionate about having a revolution. On September 16, 1810, respected priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issued the “Grito de Dolores” or Cry of Dolores which surmounted to Mexico declaring war against the Spanish government in the colonies. The ultimate goal was to be free from Spanish rule and have an independent government. Hidalgo sparked a bloody ten year war that ended over 300 years of colonial rule, thus achieving the initial intent (history.com The Struggle for Mexican Independence).
Niki D. Patel Dr. T. Whigham/ Roberto Arguedas HIST 2221 15 November 2011 Miguel Hidalgo: Madman or Visionary “Long live Independence. Long live America. Long live Our Lady of Guadalupe. Death to bad government” (Noll, 76). These words, the Cry of Dolores, incited a revolution for change in New Spain in the early decade of the 1800s.Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, called the Father of Mexico, spoke these words on September 16, 1810 in front of a group of what seemed like random men, but were in fact banded together for want of freedom from the peninsulars or pure blooded Spanish born in Spain.
Sometime in the early 16th century a letter was written to King Charles I of Spain. This had not been an ordinary letter; it was the letter that at the time defined, a declaration of achievement, a symbol of superiority, and a prize of expansion. The letter had addressed the King about, the successful expedition, the gullible settlers, and the wide array of land ready to be colonized. Hernán Cortés had written this important letter. Originally a poor Spaniard, Cortés was born in Medellin, Spain.
American Culture Project (Period 1) Background Information- During the year 1491- 1607 the age of exploration was taking a turn into colonization for the Spaniards as Christopher Columbus landed on Hispaniola where he made the first settlement of the Americas. His voyage’s would end up being unfunded from the Spanish royalties by 1504 since he didn’t find the gold he was looking for. After a few years past from Columbus’s first 2 voyages to the New World Amerigo Vespucci a merchant went down south close to the coasts of Brazil where he concluded that they had hit a new continent. Over the years Spain would send troops to the newly found continent to conquer and spread Christianity, gain glory, and find riches. Leading the Spaniards to
Colonies in America The Americas were a new world to conquer and colonize back in the 1500s. During this time there were three main, powerful nations searching to expand their empire and make their country more powerful. Spain, France, and England were the three most powerful nations; each one looking to dominate the others in everything from size of the empire to the goods they controlled. Spain was the first to set-up shop in the Americas, around 1492, which was the year Christopher Colombus accidentally discovered the New World. Spain's claim to these lands was solidified by the Inter Caetera papal bull of 1493, and by the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, in which the globe was divided into two hemispheres between Spanish and Portuguese claims.
Foreign invasion of the Spanish conquistadors began in 1441. Bishop Landa was very concerned with tradition of the city and wrote a book, Relacion de las Cosas de Yucatan, 6 that depicted Yucatan before and after the Spanish conquest. When Hernon Cortes, a Spanish conquistador, landed and more enemies arose, the Aztec civilization collapsed and was taken over within two years. The Mayans however, adapted better to change, thus leading to a longer takeover of their civilization.1 The Mayan civilization was located in central Mexico. The Maya Zone is located to the southeast and lies in the Chichen Itza city, where The Chichen Itza Pyarmid is found (also know as The Castillo).