Guinea Worm Essay

1373 WordsMar 12, 20156 Pages
GUINEA WORM HISTORY: Guniea worm also called Dracunculiasis. According to Carter center, Dracunculiasis was first documented in the 15th century BC in Egypt. The disease description was found in the Turin Papyrus that describes an ancient myth of the Egyptian sun god. The calcification of the worm Dracunculus Medinensis was shown by a pathological examination of a mummy. In 1970, Alexi P. Fedchenko discovered the life cycle of the Guinea worm and the host (Cyclops). According to Heiser, ND. The eradication methods of Dracunculiasis were first implemented on a world-wide scale in the 1920s with their main focus being water sanitation. Guniea worm has a history of being common in some of the world’s poorest areas, particularly those with limited or no access to clean water. In these areas, stagnant water sources may still host copepods, which can carry the larvae of the guinea worm. After ingestion, the copepods die and are digested, which releases stage 3 larvae, which penetrates the host’s stomach or intestinal wall and then enters the abdominal cavity and the retroperitoneal space. CAUSATIVE AGENT: Dracunculiasis a neglected tropical disease (commonly known as Guniea worm disease), a parasitic worm caused by the nematode roundworm parasite. Is a crippling parasitic disease caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a long thread-like worm. It is transmitted exclusively when people drink water contaminated with parasite-infected water fleas. Dracunculiasis is rarely fatal but infected people become non-functional for months. It affects people in rural, deprived and isolated communities who depend mainly on open surface water sources such as ponds for drinking water. RESERVIOR OF DISEASE: MODE OF TRANSMMISION: This disease is contracted when people consume water from stagnant sources contaminated with Guniea worm larvae. Inside a human abdomen, Guniea worms’ larvae

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