God Exists Is an Empirical Hypothesis

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‘God exists’ is an empirical hypothesis (30 marks) This essay will be arguing that ‘God exists’ is not an empirical hypothesis. An empirical hypothesis is a hypothesis (a proposed explanation of something) which can be tested through empirical procedures (through observation and experimentation using science). This essay will be arguing the following points: That ‘God exists’ cannot be proven using science; that it is a matter of faith, not provable fact and that ‘God exist’ is not an empirical hypothesis as it is in fact a religious hypothesis. Firstly the idea that God exists cannot be proven using science. There are no tests or actual empirical evidence for God’s existence. Anthony Flew stated that claims of God’s existence are empirically empty; this is because for the person who makes them, they cannot be falsified as there is also no empirical evidence disproving God’s existence. Yet some people may argue that God’s existence can be proven through the order and design of the universe. For example William Paley believed that every contrivance found in a watch is also found in nature; a watch has several complex features which work together perfectly to function, anything that has such features must have a designed; ergo it must have a designer. The universe is like the watch in the sense that it has complex features that work together perfectly; therefore the universe like the watch must have been designed. Teleologist’s like Paley would argue that the only one with such power to crate the universe is God. However this argument does not demonstrate empirical evidence to God’s existence, it only concludes that there is a designer, not that he designer is God. Therefore ‘God exists’ is not an empirical hypothesis as there is no known empirical method of proving God’s existence. Secondly ‘God exists’ is not an empirical hypothesis because the knowledge
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