These reforms led to China’s integration into the global economy, which promoted growth and development. Since the integration of China to the global economy, its annual growth of real GDP has averaged 10% between 2004 and 2008, which is very high. However, due to the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), this rate of growth in real GDP slowed down to 8.7% in 2009. China’s government, suspecting this, implemented a US$586b fiscal stimulus package in November 2008 to maintain a growth of 8% between 2009 and 2012. This stimulus package did greatly for China’s growth as its real GDP was at 10% in 2010 and 9.2% in 2011.
China is the largest country in terms of population size and has recently become the second largest economy in PPP US$ terms. China has made rapid progress in economic and human development by reforming its economy. Between 1978 and 1997, the Chinese government made vast changes allowing its economy to become more efficient and opening up its doors to the global market to reap the benefits globalisation. China’s recent high growth performance has led to rapid economic development. China sustained an average annual rate of growth in real GDP of 10.1% between 2003 and 2009.
Krispy Kreme has tampered with its financial statements ranging from 2000 to 2004 when they could not make its revenue targets to satisfy Wall Street. We found many discrepancies from the years after analyzing the income and the balance sheet statements in Exhibit 1. The balance sheet and the income statement had undergone major changes, particularly in years 2003 and 2004. While examining the balance sheet, we noticed the cash account nearly tripled from 2001 to 2004, total equity exceeded debt hence the reason for the low debt to equity ratio. The income statement’s total revenues doubled in two years due to their unusual growth.
Further it increased both sales and net income by 54% and 28% vs. 1993, but the company has a problem of a liquidity and a shortage of cash. One of the biggest indicators of this problem is almost double decrease in quick ratio in 2 years (Exhibit 1). This means that the company has a decrement of current assets (not considering inventory) comparing to current liabilities by 0.66. Another factor which helps us understand the reason for shortage is Cash Cycle, which consists of Average Collection days and Average Inventory days subtracted by Average Payment days. This indicator is increasing dramatically by almost 11 days in two years, because of increase of Collection and Inventory days by 16 and minor increase of Payables days by 5 (Exhibit 2 and 3).
Case4: BATTLE FOR VALUE, 2004: FEDEX CORP VS. UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. Answer of Question1: The stock price of both (pronominal) companies rose. Because the circularize transportation harmony surrounded by United States and mainland chinaware and the market place opportunities of this deal in china for FedEx and UPS. FedEx stock prices outpaced UPS because FedEx had a large presence in china by having 11 flights e rattling week and serving 220 cities in china with direct flights to in-chief (postnominal) cities such as Beijin and Shanghai. FedEx increment in market lever is because in efficient market, all investors have access to tuition and in this racing slip they believe that FedEx, due to its original market share and trading operations in mainland China and being groundbreaking and entrepreneurial company, it has a better chance of benefitting from this intellect. Under conditions of weak efficiency, a market is efficient if it factors past prices and trading volume into the stock price and neither of these factors would explain the 14% increase in FedEx’s market value of equity.
BP's total debt has increased over the past five years. The company reported a five-year low of $31.045 billion in 2007, and a five-year high in 2010 at $45.336 billion. In 2011, the company reported a total debt of $44.213 billion, which was an increase of 42.42% over 2007. (2012.02)”Financial Performance”. While BP is based in London, and Exxon in the US.
According to the International Monetary Fund, China has the world’s second largest economy with a value of the countries Gross Domestic Product at around $8 trillion. The countries economic growth over the past two decades has been astonishing and has made China into a super power in the world. Most products you find in England, whether a computer mouse to a hair dryer, most things come from China which has meant their economy grows at around 10% each year which is a huge amount for a country of its size. Some people feel that Chinas success is due to the single-party socialist state which allows them to fully maximise growth. This has lead to some people suggesting that democracy actually hinders a growth of a nation.
Analyse the attractiveness of the airline industry pre-9/11. There had been several structural changes in the global airline industry for the last decades. Some of the main factors are: globalisation, deregulation, technology improvements, and ongoing improvement in the jet engines in order to make it longer routes Pre 9/11, the demand for air travel increased due to the rise of world GDP, rise in world trade and investment (economic influence). In addition, the demand for travelling increased due to the growth of the number of retirees (social influence). This was a major opportunity within the airline industry since the global number of passengers increased from 450 million to 700 million between1990 and 2000 mainly due to the retiree that were travelling for leisure.
Also, it can be seen the earnings per share were down by 12% and the return on average capital was down by 10%. However, net sales were up by 2%, and share holder’s equity was up by 25%. (About PPG, 2013) PPG Industries For The Year 2012 2011 2010 In Millions Except for per shares Current Assets $7,702 $6,694 $7,058
For example Meredith and Hoppough state “Per-person income in china has climbed from $16 a year in 1978 to $2,000 now” (Meredith and Hoppough 393). When readers hear these numbers they should be astounded. The fact that the yearly salary average raised $1984 in 29 years is astonishing, and to think that that is only possible because of globalization. This example strengthens their argument for globalization because there are actual numbers and studies done to prove what they are saying. Meredith and Hoppough are saying that globalization is good for the economy and then they are giving facts from credible sources to back up their statements.