Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing

1181 Words5 Pages
Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing
Diane Eckert, Christen Rosa, Gary Pagdilao, Melissa Mendoza
Nurs 391
April 20, 2015
Willie Goodwin

Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing The nurse plays an important role in the safety and well-being of the sick and vulnerable. In two different cases, one involving the care of the unresponsive patient without advanced directives and the second involves the nurse observing negligent behavior by another nurse. The nurse is responsible not only ethically but legally for the care of the patient.
The American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics serves to protect the welfare of the sick, injured and helpless. Nurses are relied upon to advocate for our patients dignity, privacy, confidentiality, improper and incompetent care. The case of Marianne is a good example of how the ANA code of nursing ethics could help a patient that can't make convey their needs the healthcare team. The stroke has left Marianne unresponsive and without an advanced directive the healthcare team has no way of knowing what her desires would be for the plan of care. Her husband and children are in disagreement with which direction to go in regards to her care. The ANA code of ethics has provisions in place to assist in a decision for this case. Provision 1 protects human dignity, the right to self-determination. Provision 2 protects the patient's interests and facilitates collaboration among health care providers. Provision 3 and 4 provides standards, accountability, responsibility for nursing judgment and action. In the case of malpractice witnessed by a nurse against a fellow nurse and the facility that they worked, the code of ethics also has provisions to protect nurses as well. Provision 2 addresses the conflict of interest a nurse may have, but ultimately provides clarity for protecting the patient's interests. Provision 3

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