1476 Two hundred woodcuts were used in a edition of Aesop's Fables. 1476 First use of copper engravings instead of woodcuts for illustration. 1476 William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England. 1477 Intaglio is first used for book illustrations for a Flemish book called Il Monte Sancto di Dio. 1477 England prints its first book.
Also, in this period the Italian Giordano Bruno died in 1600 due his ideas about the reincarnation being a Dominican fray. Talking about English Language, Renaissance marked the bottom of the Modern English Period. Before of this, during the Middle English Period, which is one of the periods we will study in this review, we can talk about Geoffrey Chaucer, who is well known just with his last name, is considered the Father of English Literature, and is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Age. He is well known by a lot of people as the author of "The Canterbury Tales", which
The Rise of Silas Lapham Howells, William Dean Published: 1885 Categorie(s): Fiction Source: http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/154 1 About Howells: William Dean Howells (March 1, 1837 – May 11, 1920) was an American realist author and literary critic. Born in Martins Ferry, Ohio, originally Martinsville, to William Cooper and Mary Dean Howells, Howells was the second of eight children. His father was a newspaper editor and printer, and moved frequently around Ohio. Howells began to help his father with typesetting and printing work at an early age. During 1852, his father arranged to have one of Howells' poems published in the Ohio State Journal without telling him.
He was a loyal protestant and lived during the reign of Elizabeth the first which was an era of religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants. His first work and one of the most significant was Shepheardes Calender published in 1579 and wrote in archaic language. However Spencer was best known and considered “the prince of poets of this time” for The Faerie Queene a volume of poems named Complaints. He dedicated most of his life to this work. Spenser planned to do twelve books of The Faerie Queen but only six were finished, in addition there is another book containing Cantos on Mutability.
He eventually returned to Stratford, and died around the time of his 52nd birthday, in 1616. Various critics or anti-Stratfordians would on the otherhand beg the question: “How could a mere grammar schoolboy from rural Warwickshire have known enough about courts and kings to write Hamlet and Lear”? “Where did he get his vast vocabulary and knowledge of the war to have written Henry V?” Doubts around Shakespeare’s work began two and a half centuries after his death, with different claims by an American woman named Delia Bacon. She claimed that the plays were really written by sir Francis Bacon, a lawyer and philosopher. Eventually Delia’s family reported that she had been removed to an asylum after trying to dig up Shakespeare’s grave, in order to search for evidence proving her unsupported claims.
This paper is an attempt to both compare and contrast the elements of similarity and difference in the representation of Cleopatra in Roman Classic literature and her relatively modern characterization by William Shakespeare in his play Antony and Cleopatra. The play was written in 1603, and was not published before 1623 in the collection of the First Folio. Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan age, the high time of the Renaissance period. It is a crucial era in history, with distinct sets of social and literary traditions, beliefs and values. I will try to demonstrate the various influences and assumptions that existed in Shakespeare’s time, by supporting my argument with opinions and arguments of critics, as well as highlighting textual evidence from the play itself.
The word “discomfit” bears a great significance to the play’s theme examined through the ideas of Shakespeare’s irony, choice of diction, and chiasmus. The word “discomfited” (1A) according to the Oxford English Dictionary, can be defined as “Defeated in battle; beaten, routed; vanquished.” There is no doubt that this definition of the word is the one in which Shakespeare was applying to the play because the word was stemmed in 1538, a few decades before the play was written. This word is spotted a mere two times in the play. It may be overlooked as significant, yet if it is investigated by the mirroring correlation taking place between these characters, there is a strong connection. Both times the word appears in the play, it is spoken by King Henry referring to The Earl of Douglas.
I have chosen “Sonnet 18” by William Shakespeare from the Bedford text. This sonnet first line begins “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”(A Portable Anthology, 2009, p.465) it is written in the classic style English or Shakespearean sonnet. The sonnet form used by Shakespeare, composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab,cdcd, efef, gg(answers.com, 2010). This sonnet 18 is a part of 154 sonnets the first 126 were wrote by Shakespeare to address a young man full of great beauty and promise. This developed many questions on Shakespeare’s sexuality whether his love for this young man was friendly or sexual.
Marlowe covers in a few hours the entire reign of twenty years of Edward II; and also handles quite deftly so many loose historical and unhistorical episodes. These “intractable” materials, in the language of T.S.Eliot in his essay “Hamlet and His Problems”, Shakespeare could manage in his mature years, but which Marlowe has managed in Edward