Egyptian Social Classes

414 Words2 Pages
There were many different social classes in Ancient Egypt. At the top of the social pyramid was the pharaoh. After the pharaoh comes the vizier, nobles, priests, soldiers, scribes, artisans, craftsmen, merchants, farmers, slaves, and servants( in that order). A pharaoh was the ruler of Ancient Egypt. Pharaohs were believed to be a god who was placed on Earth and was a provider of an important link between the gods and people of Egypt. He was also responsible for keeping order and making laws. The Vizier was the next most important person in the government of Ancient Egypt. A vizier takes the place of a prime minister, chief justice, and head of treasury. Also, the vizier was sometimes the high priest. Next comes nobles and priests who on the social pyramid can be considered equal. Nobles ruled nomes. Nomes were regions of Egypt. A noble’s responsibility is to keep order in their nome. Priests are appointed by the Pharaoh. A priest’s job is to perform sacred rituals at Egyptian temples. Also, priests were supposed to keep the gods happy. Scribes were the only Ancient Egyptians who could read and write. The scribes were in charge of keeping records. Soldiers were supposed to defend their country. Soldiers were rewarded with land for their service. Many second sons of the pharaoh chose to join the army. After soldiers and scribes came craftsmen, merchants, and artisans. Craftsmen were skilled. There were sculptors, leatherworks, pottery makers, jewelry makers, tailors, shoe makers, and more. Merchants in ancient Egypt were more like traders. They took objects such as gold, papyrus, and linen to other countries and in return maybe got animals (or parts of animals) or wood. Artisans were Egyptians who were employed by the pharaoh, government or temples. They were employed to do things like pottery, sculpting, weaving, carpentry and more. Next are the farmers. Farmers
Open Document