These reliefs declared that Hatshepsut was crowned by the gods who welcomed her as their future king. They also depicted her coronation in front of a court consisting of highly respected individuals. – Political and religious roles of the king and queen in the Seventeenth Dynasty and early Eighteenth Dynasty: Political: At the crux of political responsibilities were military roles. A pharaoh was responsible for maintaining the land economically as well as forcefully. Power was also delegated to advisors such as viziers and stewards Hapuseneb, Senenmut).
Ancient Egypt: People and Events Terms: Ma’at: Was a goodness and symbol of the equilibrium of the universe. Mummification: Is the process of the long term preservation of a dead body. Sources of minerals and building supplies including copper, gold, tin, alabaster, limestone, amethyst and natron. Old Kingdom: The time frame was 2644-2150 BCE, there were two crowns represented for different places in different places in Egypt then King Menes is believed to have been the first to unite Egypt. The king was the ruler of all of Egypt and considered a god.
Images on tombs of the pharaohs demonstrated the possessions of their reign. Other than the supply of food, law is a further important part of Egypt, just like today. It
This tells us that Tutankhamun did in fact believe in the afterlife. Shabtis were usually represented with tools in their hands - baskets, mattocks, hoes etc. Each doll was inscribed with a spell, known as the Shabti formula, which specified the function of that particular figure. Like the majority of the wealthy and royal population in ancient Egypt, Tutankhamun was mummified. This is shown in source H. Mummification was considered essential for the spiritual part of someone's
Ancient Near East Rulers and their Legacies In the ancient near east, many rulers commissioned pieces of art. This art was made for many purposes. Some of these include a ruler’s display of power, their divine right to rule, or even tell a story. Two specific rulers who used art to preserve their Legacies are Naram-Sin and Hammurabi. Akkadian ruler Naram-Sin was in power from 2254-2218 BCE.
Both of the river valley civilizations had an absolute monarch but the Nile had a Theocracy while the Mesopotamians had a Monarchy. In the Nile river valley, the Pharaoh was an absolute monarch who controlled all the land, collected taxes, made laws, and defended Egypt from foreign invaders. He also maintained Ma’at, which was the law and order of the kingdom. The Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh was a god; this made their government a theocracy because the Pharaoh had total control. A single ruler also ruled Mesopotamia, but they had a Monarchy not a theocracy.
The Maya, Aztec, and Inca all had a similar class structure. An emperor or ruler was at the top of the pyramid. Following him were the nobles, priests, and in the caseof the Aztec, the military commanders. The next level was a bit different. In theMayan society, it was the merchants and artisans.
Egyptian art and architecture developed independently and revolved around the concept of immortality. Pharaohs recognized that their nobility and eternal spirit depended greatly on the masons, painters and sculptors they chose to reflect their lives and carry on their legacy. Therefore artisans were treated with great respect and were considered middle class. Respect and a sense of value are very important to me, and had I lived in Egypt during this age they would have been imperative also. Egyptian artisans were instructed in the proper techniques to carry out their work in a very specific genre and style.
They worked at farming, domestic service, and craft production, and could be freed under certain conditions. 8. Kings and their families topped Mesopotamian society, followed by their counselors and the priests and priestesses. 9. Sumerians believed that the gods gave the king power so long as he ensured justice, established law, and defended his city-state from foreign attack.