The ancient Egyptian sarcophagi included illustrations depicting animals, religious proceedings and funerals that are painted on both sides of the coffin. A gold funerary mask was placed over his head and shoulders to cover the mummified body and made in his royal likeness. The Pedi-Osiris coffin contains expensive materials, such as blue paint made with azure, which is used to paint for the coffin’s head and wig, and black paint on the carved eyes is used to emphasize the high standing of the priest and the fake beard is the mark of the social figurine of high rank. Geometrical designs are painted diagonally on the upper half and Egyptian pictographs are written in pillars bordered with black ink on the bottom half of the sarcophagus. This funerary practice represents the wealth, high-standing and social position for the deceased.
Part 2 - Essay: The canopic shrine artefact found in King Tutankhamuns tomb reveals much about the role of the pharaoh, religious beliefs and burial customs. The burial customs of Ancient Egypt at the time of King Tutankhamun were very specific and strict rules and traditions were followed to ensure a safe and healthy transition into the afterlife, especially for those of high importance, for example Pharaohs. Mummification is a distinct process. According to Herodotus, ‘The embalmers, when a body is brought to them, produce specimen models in wood, painted to resemble nature, and graded in quality’. ‘The most perfect process us as follows: as much as possible of the brain is extracted through the nostrils with an iron hook, and what the hook cannot reach is rinsed out with drugs; next the flank is laid open with a flint knife and the whole contents of the abdomen removed; the cavity is then thoroughly cleansed and washed out, first with palm wine and again with an infusion of pounded spices.’ ‘It is then filled with aromatic substances and sewn up again, after which the body is placed in natron, covered entirely over, for seventy days-never longer.
Thus, mummification was a 70-day complicated preservation technique used to prevent the royal body from decay. This involved the process of embalming and drying the dead body in the belief that the body would be necessary in the Ancient Egyptian afterlife. At first glance, there were large amounts of evidence of black sticky resin and ointment which have been spread throughout the body that have blackened the cloths and parts of the body. These chemicals the Ancient Egyptians used have caused the body to become hard and dry to prevent microbial decay from dampness. Experts have made further analysis on the external
Guiseppi Fiorelli was an archaeologist who created the idea of conservation through his makings of plaster casts. This technique allows tourists, scientists and archaeologists the ability to observe the contents of the daily meals consumed at the time and the occurrence that led towards the deaths in Pompeii. The Lady of Oplontis, the first x-ray performed on a body in Pompeii, was examined through a CAT scan, which revealed her diet, health and lifestyle. Fiorelli also created a systematic technique in naming and categorising houses and buildings. This allows easy access to different building, teaching and recognising the locations of the central life of Pompeii.
Each sculpture expresses the sexuality that comes from their culture. When you view the sculptures, you can see the well-defined curves for their breasts, hips and thighs. It seems there are more differences between the two sculptures than similarities. The most noticeable differences are the time periods and the material they were carved from. Woman from Willendorf was carved in the Upper Paleolithic Period (c. 42,000-8000 BCE) out of oolitic limestone colored with red ocher, and the Aphrodite of Knidos was carved during the Late Classical Period (c. 450-400 BCE) out of marble.
McGraw expertly paints a portrait of everyday life in ancient Egypt, focusing on the nitty-gritty of existence among the common artisans and laborers rather than the opulence of the Pharoah's court. I particularly enjoyed her use of humor and thought that the good-natured, wise-cracking character of Heqet was very well drawn. I certainly could do no better, as the monkey with a stylus said to the scribe. To conclude, this book is a winner and should be widely read. It's a good introduction to ancient Egypt for kids who are learning about it.
Diet and nutrition was also a difference in between the two societies, Paleolithic’s ate healthier and more varied foods such as nuts and berries and on the other hand Neolithic’s ate more high carbed foods. The same polytheistic religion that was present in the Paleolithic society was also followed by the Neolithic’s. A main thing that ties the two societies together though was the fact that they both did burials. Burial practices reflected the beliefs of both societies concerning death, which was not considered as simply a form of sleep continued inside the house of the dead, they believed in afterlife. Often, in both eras, burial offerings of vases, food, and other objects on the charred bodies of the dead were left in the grave which further explains their belief
Sumerians also used the wheel to shape clay into pots. The arch was used to add beauty and strength to buildings. Sumerians also had a social structure, government and writing. Without all of these things you can’t have a civilization. As I said before Sumer was classified as a civilization.
This was probably due to the fact that cattle at CAFO’s spend all their time held up in concentrated pens standing in their own feces. If the cattle are not cleaned properly during the slaughter process, these feces will end up in the beef produces and lead to health
One of the subtopics of biology is fermentation. Fermentation was used between 7000 and 8000 years ago making beer, wine, and bread. The two beverages were also a symbolic way to distinguish social statues, the better your wine or beer was the higher you were in the society. Today we have all types of fermented foods from bread, coffee, pickles, beer, cheese,