Criminology and the Sociological Perspectives

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SEC/340 – Criminology and the Criminal Justice System Instructor: Week One - Individual Assignment: Criminology and the Sociological Perspectives By: Bruce University July 14, 2008 In this paper the author will discuss what is meant by Sociological Perspectives. A narrative will be given of how Social Perspective helps us to understand the origins of crime and lastly identify ways of reducing crime. The Sociological perspective is a specific way of approaching a phenomenon common in sociology. This involves maintaining objectivity, not by divesting oneself of values, but by critically evaluating and testing ideas, and accepting what may be surprising or even displeasing based on the evidence. The sociological perspective often assumes that “official” explanations are incomplete or self-serving. It involves a conscious effort to go beyond the obvious and question what is accepted as true or common sense. This is important because common-sense assumptions are seldom examined. While sociological research could confirm common-sense observation, its broader observation base and theoretical rational provide a stronger basis for conclusions. The sociological perspective helps us to see general social patterns in the behavior of particular individuals and offers insights about the social world that extend far beyond explanations that rely on individuals quirks and personalities. Essential to the sociological perspective is the wider society, which means going beyond the individual and understanding how structural forces shape individuals and their actions. The sociological perspective is the view that human beings are influenced more by the environment they live in than our genetic makeup. By viewing social problems from a sociological perspective, we can be concerned with changing our society and laws, and the way in

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