They were the relationship between the ruler and the ruled; father and son; older brother and younger brother; husband and wife and the relationship between friend and friend. In these relationships, there was an inferior person who was expected to respect the superior. And in return the superior must help and set an example for the inferior. In Daoism, however, the followers are more directly in touch with nature. They believed that the rules of Confucianism were a human creation and didn’t follow nature.
Chuang Tzu believed that how we perceive things are directly related to each of our separate pasts, or our “paths”. Also, that we need to realized that our conclusions and dispositions would be completely different had we experienced another past, even possibly just one single instance. Confucius believed that all things are naturally good. It is only if you haven’t pursued the way that you can turn out evil. He also believed that the most important characteristic of our personalities is created by how we treat others.
People also have the ability to think morally for themselves so morality is relative to someone’s point of view. The main point favoring the cultural relativism argument is that if there are no moral principles, then the principles can only be relative to culture. If someone were to express their opinion about the morals of a culture that they didn’t agree with, including what the culture already believed to be right, then that person would lose the argument without any question. This can be easily disproved because in one culture, not every person is going to have the same moral judgments about what is right or wrong and people can establish objective moral principles. A culture also can’t think of them as having the power to decide which is right and
Arguably, he had wanted to limit the influence of them due to his distrust of their background and knowledge gained through being educated in foreign institutions. On the contrary, Source B claims that “Mao was unsure” about what negative consequences the campaign might bring about. According to the second source, Mao genuinely wanted the intellectuals to “join the revolution of their own free will rather than being forced to do” rather than accuse them for being a threat to the Communist regime. It seems to be a reasonable explanation of his intentions as he was very much concerned with the CPC becoming more bureaucratic, which was highlighted by the Three-Antis Campaign of 1951, and therefore he wanted to find a solution to this problem through hearing what the educated part of society had to say. Moreover, Mao’s famous saying “unity, criticism, unity” suggests that the campaign indeed had good intentions, not implying any “trap”.
Question 1. One way that Cliff could take advantage of principles of operant conditioning to modify his staff behaivor is to give them consequences for bad behavior. Some people need to have consequences so that will not try to get away with bad behavior all of the time. Question 2.The use of punishment didn't work well for Cliff's predecessor because he frequently used it and never reinforced or rewarded good behavior. Reinforcement would remain preferable at controlling behavior because it is a presentation of something that is pleasant and rewarding which will produce a more effective outcome.
After explaining all that Thomas then brings in the idea of modern ethics. The author was explaining how the modern side would be less harsh with the second accountant because they believed that Aristotle’s theory was unattainable. Thomas then describes how modern theories argue that we are born with evil temptations inside of us, and we have to actively fight against them. He then structured his text, so that towards the end to show how the right thing to do always involves loss. The modern ethics argue it would be abnormal if nobody had evil urges.
P Purpose Was is written to make someone think or do something? What? Why was it written or created? the reason why this source was made because confucius wants his leader to be educated and respectful to there empire “ The master said , if people be led by laws and uniformity be imposed on them by punishments , but will have no sense of shame S Supplemental Outside information. What relevant facts can you bring in not mentioned?
Robert Louden stated that as virtue ethics is focused on the individual, it neither resolves nor attempts to resolve big moral dilemmas. It may help the moral agent virtuous but it does not give any answerers relating to an ethical crisis. Scholars such as Aristotle, however, would disagree with this point saying that each individual has to habitually do what is right for a period of time as a result of habitually doing what is right we naturally do what is good. In time, this leads to the growth and well-being of everyone in society. Because of this I would say that this weakness isn’t strong enough to say
The essence of the message of the Analects is the key concept that individuals should think independently, and he strived to define concepts in an abstract, universal manner in which they could be applied to multiple cultures could understand them. When it came to interpersonal relations, Confucius believed in humanity and it’s ability to learn from one another. An example of this is 7.28 where he says, “Maybe there are people who can act without knowledge, but I am not one of them. Hear much, pick the best and follow it, see much, and keep a record of it: this is the best substitute for innate knowledge.” (p. 32). Confucius’ idea of the role of a gentle man was that a man is nothing unless he is a gentleman.
Oddly enough, with this theory, it is prohibited to tell lies or commit suicide because that is morally wrong within itself and does not support the universal good of a rational decision, but if people acted in line with their duty to the universal law of their society, the results were of no consequence (Butts & Rich, 2008, Chapter 1). Kant stated that a person should act without emotion and with a complete sense of duty to serve the morally universal law of society and that the intention is of more importance than the result – consequences of the actions do not matter (Jasper, 1962). The theory of deontology follows this thought by setting demands that humans act at all times as though their actions would be universally accepted into an overall rule for society. He believed that duty and law are always one unit and cannot be separated and that with this duty to law, we shape our world. My criticism of this theory is that thought processes without emotions make our decisions too concrete.