Articles to satisfy the North’s desire for the end of slavery were written as to appease the South’s need for it. There were provisions made for the continuation of slavery or else the delegates from the South would not accept the Constitution as there were provisions made for the North so not the alienate those opposing slavery. The document was written in vague enough terms to leave it open for debate later on issues that could not be satisfactorily resolved at the initial drafting. Agreements was reached to later draft and ratify a bill of rights for the people of nation by the federal government that was uniform throughout the county instead of relying on each individual state’s bill of rights. The framers then proceeded to distribute the draft of the Constitution to the states will all accepting the document.
Prior to the Civil War, Lincoln did not want slavery to be allowed in western expansion efforts and although he opposed slavery, he thought it should remain in the southern states where it was already established and had a strong foothold. Because it would
The Mexican cession disrupted the balance, which suggests that the Missouri compromise wasn’t successful in minimalizing divisions between north and south. As it could be argued that the compromise actually avoided the issue that caused division in the first place when the debate about the territories gained in the Mexican war should be free soil or slave state. The Missouri compromise was successful because its aim was to maintain the free soil/slave state balance in congress as the north feared the southern majority in congress would vote to the expansion of slavery and the south feared that northern majority in congress would vote to abolish slavery. By using the idea that for every free state, there is a slave state, there is a balance in congress. For example the free soil states were Maine, Michigan, Iowa and Louisiana and the slaves states were Missouri, Arkansas, Florida and Texas.
Douglass tries to say that the Constitution argues for the freedom of the people, not for slavery. The third viewpoint’s main point is that Constitutional rights do not extend to ex-slaves. This is written by chief justice, Roger Taney, who decided the Dred Scott decision, which took away his freedom. This argues that the Constitution does not allow slaves to be given their citizenship. Slaves are not entitled to the same rights in the Constitution because the rights do not extend to them.
If the South had more people in Congress the South would be able to override the north in laws pertaining to the slaves. Another reason the South favored the Compromise was because it would not count the slaves in the taxes. (2) It said that since the North did not agree with slavery, if an escaped slave was found the northerner did not have to return them. (2) The North had a diverse view of the Three-Fifths Compromise. They did not want any slaves counted in the population total because the slaves had no voice in government, they did not vote or have any rights.
The south wanted Kansas and Nebraska to become slaveholding states because the south wanted slavery to spread across. The north wanted more states of their kind which were free states, because if they had more free states than slave states, the north would gain more power and be able to overrule the south when voting on important decisions in Congress. Stephen Arnold Douglas, a Democratic Senator of Illinois, strongly believed that the people of the territories should decide for themselves whether they wanted slavery in their state. He sponsored the Kansas Nebraska bill and that the settlers of Kansas and Nebraska would vote on if they would have slavery in their state. This was called the popular sovereignty.
The time before the Jim Crow laws had been passed. Jim Crow Laws were laws that were established between 1874 and 1954 to separate the white and black races in the American South. In theory, it was to create "separate but equal" treatment, but in reality and in practice, Jim Crow Laws condemned and restricted black citizens to inferior treatment and facilities. The fourteenth and fifteenth amendments were ratified six to seven years before the Jim Crow laws were passed which means that African Americans were citizens and had the right to vote. However the Jim Crow laws were created after the ratification of these amendment for the sole purpose to restrict African Americans from the rights they had been granted.
Being President, Monroe had a significant amount of power over the country and its government. Monroe’s Doctrine opened the floodgates for Manifest Destiny after the nation knew the government was behind it. Document A provides evidence that Monroe was correct with his prediction that America would follow the government’s lead and head west to protect the country through Manifest Destiny. The strongest argument against Manifest Destiny was the fact that would bring slavery to the new territories America gained. Not only was this false, Americans and politicians who were anti-slavery overlooked this because spreading what they considered America’s good qualities was more important to them and they wanted to follow Monroe’s Doctrine.
Lincoln did believe that slavery was morally wrong, but there was one big problem; It was allowed by the highest law in the land, the Constitution. The nation’s founding fathers, who also struggled with how to address slavery, did not explicitly write the word “slavery” in the Constitution, but they did include key clauses protecting the institution, including a fugitive slave clause and the three-fifths clause, which allowed Southern states to count slaves for the purposes of representation in the federal government. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation as a military measure, it didn’t apply to border slave states like Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri, all of which had remained loyal to the Union. Lincoln also exempted selected areas of the Confederacy that had already come under Union control in hopes of gaining the loyalty of whites in those states. In practice, then the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t immediately free a single slave, as the only places it applied were places where the federal government had no control.
In 1849, the California Gold Rush exponentially populated Northern California. Once this happened, immigrants began to outnumber the U.S. citizens. Since the immigrants were more willing to work for a cheaper cost, they began to take many of the jobs. Also, California unanimously rejected slavery and petitioned to become part of