Classical School And Positivist School Essay

261 WordsOct 27, 20092 Pages
Primary ideological difference between classical school and positivist school. The main difference is how classical school and positivist school classify how a person is more likely to commit a crime than others. Classical school believes that people that commit the crime does it on their own free will and positivist school believes that person that is committing the crime is outside of their control. Classical school believes that everyone that commits a crime commits it off their own free will. Also that people are aware of their own actions. On the other hand classical school is that people commit crime on their own free will and “people are nature self seeking and liable to commit a crime” as Beccaria stated. Positivist school believes that the person that is committing the crime is outside of the person’s control. This means that it is based off the person’s physical characteristics. Cesare Lombroso did a study of the physical size of the head of the criminal and concluded that people that are born with larger heads are more likely to engage in a life of criminality. Also the positivist school searches the cause of a crime that lay within the person or the social setting in which the person lived in. Classical school is people commit crimes on their own free will and nature self seeking and liable to commit crimes. Positivist school is people commit their crimes by their physical characteristics of the person. These are the primary ideological difference between classical school and positivist

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