Cherokee Indians Research Paper

4344 Words18 Pages
The Trail of Tears: An Indian Journey By: Asia Rosow The Indian Removal Act of 1830 led to the1838 Trail of Tears in which the United States government forced the removal of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations from the Southern United States to the Western United States into Oklahoma Territory west of the Mississippi River. The Trail of Tears had a negative effect on the Cherokee Nation, who were forcefully moved out of their homeland to dry plains of the new Oklahoma territory. It was dry, not farmable and deathly hot; the Native Americans had no idea how to survive there. John Quincy Adams signed the Indian Removal Act into place. The Removal Act stated that the United States Government had the right to forcefully move the Native Americans to different lands as long as they compensated them for the land that they had to give up in the east. The US Government did not give the Native Americans any say regarding their move. Once the Removal Act signed into place they had to follow it. The move negatively impacted on the tribes’ health, their population and their way of living. Out of about 15,000 Cherokee that were forcefully moved to the West, about 4,000 died on the road there. Not only was the journey hard, but also, once they got to the Oklahoma territory, they faced the dry plains of the west. They had farmed corn in Georgia but this crop did not grow in the dry plains of the west. They had to start their lives all over again in foreign territory. Andrew Jackson, Congress, the Supreme Court, the state of Georgia and the Cherokee themselves all had huge roles in the Removal, but who had the biggest part? Most people in the modern world would argue that it was all Jackson’s fault. If he hadn’t continued John Quincy Adam’s policy to enact the Indian Removal Act of 1830 then none of this would have happened. Forcibly

More about Cherokee Indians Research Paper

Open Document