Capitalism In The Inspector Calls

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Capitalism and Communism have been rivals on the international stage since World War One in history, culminating in the Cold War, which ended only 18 years ago. Even now, there are still military and social tensions between Russia (and to a less significant extent China) and the US and other Capitalist governments. Capitalism and Communism have fundamentally different views, Capitalism is an economic system characterized by freedom of the market. Communism on the other hand, can be defined as an economic and political system in that all of the countries production are collectively owned and directed by the state. There are many points to be argued for and against Capitalism and Communism, and I will…show more content…
J.B. Priestly who wrote the play was highly Socialist and is therefore heavily weighted in favour of the Inspector, and making the Birlings appear the “bad guys.” At the very start of the play, the audience gets the sense that, although the Birlings are well off, they are distant and cold, with husband and wife sitting at opposite ends of the table rather than next to each other. The lighting too, at first is described as “pink and intimate” which shows a “warm” and “joyful” atmosphere. However there is always an uneasy feeling that the audience gets, that the lighting is just a screen which hides the truth. This is confirmed when the Inspector arrives, and the set changes to a “brighter and harder light,” which gives a sense of disclosure and the impending revelation of truth. This makes it seem like Socialism is an honest way to live. In his final speech before he leaves the Birlings household, Goole says that for the "Eva Smiths and John Smiths" i.e. the lower class, they stand a “chance of happiness” in Socialism. The Inspector says that unless the upper class realise they have a duty to help those poorer than themselves, "they will be taught in fire and blood and anguish." This acts as almost a threat to the audience which serves the purpose of focusing their minds and realising that it is a serious matter. Dramatic irony is used to mock Mr Birling and make his views seem imprudent and unwise compared to the Socialist views of the Inspector. Mr Birling says that he is a “hard-headed businessman” (Capitalist) and
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