C Difficile Research Paper

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Clostridium Difficile Clostridium Difficile, often called C. difficile or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause Symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life - threatening inflammation of the colon. Illness from C. difficile most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or in long term care facilities and typically occurs after use of antibiotic medications. In recent years, C. difficile infections have become more frequent, more severe and more difficult to treat. Each year, tens of thousands of people in the United States get sick from C. difficile, including some otherwise healthy people who aren’t hospitalized or taking antibiotics.…show more content…
C. difficile illness usually develops during or shortly after a course of antibiotics. But signs and symptoms may not appear for weeks or even months afterward. The most common symptoms of mild to moderate C. difficile disease are, watery diarrhea 10 - 15 times a day and mild abdominal cramoing and tenderness. In more severe cases, C. difficile causes the colon to become inflamed (colitis) or to form patches of raw tissue that can bleed or produce pus ( pseudomembranous colitis). Signs and symptoms of severe infection include, watery diarrhea 10 - 15 times a day, abdominal cramping and pain which may be severe, fever, blood or pus in stool, nausea, dehydration, loss of appetite, and weight loss. There are some causes for C. difficile. C. difficile bacteria can be found throughout the environment - in soil, air, water, and human and animal feces. A small number of healthy people naturally carry the bacteria in their large intestine. But, C. difficile…show more content…
In hospitals and nursing homes, C. difficile spreads mainly on the hand of caregivers, but also cart handles, bedrails, bedside tables, toilets, sinks, stethoscopes, thermometers - even telephones and remote controls. Although people - including children - with no known risk factors have gotten sick from C. difficile, your risk is greatest if you, are taking or have recently taken antibiotics. The risk goes up if you take broad - spectrum drugs that target a wide range of bacteria, use multiple antibiotics or take antibiotics for a prolonged period. People who are 65 years of age or older. The risk of becoming infected with C. difficile is ten times greater for people age 65 and up compared with younger people. Are or have recently been hospitalized, especially for an extended period, live in a nursing home or long term care facility, have serious underlying illness or a weakened immune system as a result of a medical condition or treatment (such

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