The increase in real GDP would put downward pressure on the price level and reduce inflation. Supply-siders also believed that the budget deficit would not increase substantially as a result of the tax cut. Even if it did increase, it would be offset by increased saving due to the lower taxes. Many economic critics today and in the 1980’s questioned the effectiveness of Reagan s policies, also known as Reaganomics. Economists still argue whether Reagan’s actions were helpful or harmful to the United States economy.
Chapter 39: The Stalemated Seventies A. Describe the economic situation going into the 1970s- The baby boom generation would be making less money than their parents but as the economic growth crested, the American spirit gave an unaccustomed sense of limits. I. Sources of Stagnation A. List a few reasons economists speculate could be the cause of the slump in productivity increasing presence in the work force of women and teens (had lower skills, less likely to take full time jobs),declining investment in new machinery, general shift of American economy from manufacturing to services B.
However, the company was not able to sustain the growth in sales between years 7 and 8, which resulted in a decrease in net sales of -15% or $897,000. The company’s loss in net sales in year 8 is a weakness due to overall sales being down. Cost of goods sold (COGS) between years 6 and 7 show an increase of 31.8% or $1,048M. The increase in COGS corresponds closely with the increase in net sales for the same time period, which illustrates the company’s ability to effectively control its inventory levels and material costs. For years 7 and 8, the cost of goods sold decreased by -14.5% or $630,400, which again corresponds to the change in net sales for the same period.
(Overall decline of market / demand) and the increasing price sensitive of customers. • Strong international player filling the needs of the booming industrial economy abroad leading to fact that Fortis is not yet ranked under the world TOP 10. Question 2) • Overall declining industrial economy in U.S lead to a decrease in demand and to high cost pressure within the industry. Given that, Fortis’s customers are becoming more and more price sensitive and less willing to pay premium prices. Additionally, the continuously increasing steel prices leading to higher production costs and impacting product’s margin.
There are reports that say the economy will grow over the next few years (2010), but there is a possibility that they could be wrong and that won’t happen. If the opposite happens and the economy hits a decline, this could really hurt the business of Keystone and many other companies for that matter. On that note, people will start looking to save money and if they can find the same product that this company offers for a cheaper price, they might just do that. The last red flag that I would see when deciding whether to select this client would be the fact that they have recently started extending credit to customers with less than perfect credit (2010). Although this could mean nothing, this could also be the beginning of a downward spiral of bad debt.
Productivity, as measured by the output per hour by the business sector, grew at a lower rate during the Reagan years than the 7 years prior. The growth rate of 1.3% during Reagan’s tenure was .2% higher than the 6 years afterwards, but .3% lower than the years preceding (Niskanen & Moore 1996). Inflation is an increase in the average price level and is not a positive occurrence. When Reagan took office, the REAGAN-SIDE ECONOMICS consumer price index (CPI) was at a high 13.5%, by the end of his terms, the CPI had been decreased to 4.1% (Niskanen & Moore 1996). Those who are critical of Reagan’s policy speak of the explosion of the United States’ budget deficit during the 1980s.
In a way this makes sense, I mean we are already way behind on times moving to the new platform and why go through the trouble of switching platforms twice. Well, many things come into play when you’re talking about this and there are a couple of things that jump to my attention that would make that jump difficult. First off, talks of the ICD-11 implementation are still at least 10 years out under best circumstances in the US. This would mean that we’d be stuck with outdated systems for even longer and having us be on ICD-9 for 45 years. Unfortunately on top of that, ICD-11 doesn’t even include a procedure classification system, which means a procedure coding system for use in the US could need to be developed and it is estimated that this process of developing a US clinical modification would take close to a decade.
The recession of 2007 and 2009 has affected everyone, but mostly middle class people are the ones who are hit the hardest when it comes to economic troubles. Oil prices and inflation of prices in other markets had affected the middle class’ confidence in product consumption. With less private spending, an economy cannot thrive. That is why it was important that the tax cuts were issued to help increase this spending. If people spend more then more jobs are created and business investments are made to further help increase total GDP.
However during bad times there was an access of inventory which led to problems. Another issue in the auto industry is the interest rates as high interest rates led to a decrease in consumer demand for vehicles due to higher monthly payments. Eaton’s strategy to counteract a downturn was to set aside built up cash balance of $7.6 Billion or $21.13 per share as a cushion for the next downturn. Eaton’s move had critics but results showed that Chrysler’s pension was fully funded for the first time in almost 40 years and their credit rating was also upgraded to single A by major credit agencies. Without the implementation of Eaton’s strategy Chrysler’s credit rating would be poor.
This was caused partly by the high self-confidence of the top management which was too ensured that the position of GM is everlasting. This assumption was proven as incorrect. The market position of General Motors before 2009 was dominant in many, but after 2000 GM’s vehicle production was stagnating globally. Together with the fact that the automotive market was stably growing it implies that General Motors was losing its positions on all important markets relatively to other automakers. In U.S., traditionally known as the core market, GM was selling less and less cars even since 2000 (The New York Times, 2009) and lost one third of its position, covering 28,1% share in 2000 and only 19,8% in 2009 (figures for cars and light trucks sales in U.S., Canis et al.