This law kept money in the empire but hurt the pockets of the wealthy colonists mercantilist that depended on the shipping trade. Then when the French Indian War ended the King made them keep the treaties that had been made with the Indians and refused the rich merchants the right to expand and claim more land. The war had also left England in debt as most wars do, so England called on the colonist to pay taxes to help with their own defense. They did not single the American colonist out they asked this of all of their subjects in all the colonies under English rule. So in 1767 England passed the Townshend Acts which included the Revenue Act of 1767, the Indemnity Act, the Commissioners of Customs Act, the Vice Admiralty Court Act, and the New York Restraining Act.
Why Europe? Anan Patel 12/16/13 The Europeans were the first people to explore and conquer the rest of the world. But, before they explored the world the Chinese had started this voyage project also, but they eventually receded from this because they were looking to focus more on domestic matters (DOC 2, 3, 4, and 5). The reason why Europe succeeded and the others didn’t because Europe already had advantages in society because of the plant and animal domestication, also they had enough competition between the different European countries to go out on voyages to look for more (DOC 1, 6, 7, 9) . On the other hand, the other countries weren’t able to succeed because they conquered by Europeans or their population died out from diseases or plagues (DOC 4, 5, 8).
Taxation became an huge issue as British needed money to pay off their debts from the previous war so they passed the Sugar Act in 1764 and then the Stamp Act shortly afterwards. This taxed sugar, molasses, and paper goods which was a huge deal to the colonies that started getting them angry right away. The colonies first act of rebellion was the creation of the Sons and Daughters of Liberty and came up with the idea to tar and feather tax collectors while threatening their life. Trade even became tougher as the British started putting tax on pretty much everything especially tea with the Tea Act in 1773. Was this a tax?
In source 4 we also learn that much must have depended on diplomatic relations with Maximilian and Ferdinand, however Henry’s allies proved unfaithful and unreliable. Source 4, is written by a member of the Government of England. The government is who Henry and Wolsey would go to for Money for these situations. The Government did not like how much Money Henry kept asking for so this could have been reflected in Keith Randall’s report. Henry spent 1.4 millions pounds on fighting wars between 1511-25 and this set England back a far way.
In addition to helping India, the British Empire negatively affected India. According to Monhandas Ghandi’s speech in Document 7, the British impoverished India by controlling the Indian government. Year by year Britain stole India’s money. The British destroyed India’s spirit, and disregarded their feelings. India wasn’t the only country that Britain negatively affected.
Without these helpers, many of the crops brought by the English would have died out. The natives even thought of the bees as forbearers of doom, for wherever the honeybee was, the colonists prospered. The honeybee made it possible to plant European crops in the Americas, but also led to destruction of land and the removal of natives. Because the bees helped the crops, the land became unusable much faster, making the British travel further out in order to sustain their businesses. The migration out into the forests resulted in the destruction of that land and the removal of natives that lived there.
Just like setting up the government, the colonists had a hard time setting up an economy. Because of being so important of the success colonies, the economy needed to be perfect in order for failure not to be put in place. Also, the hectic situation of moving to a new country caused mass confusion amongst the colonists. This mass confusion caused the British Empire to take over the economic system of the colonies. During the eighteenth century, the British controlled nearly all of the colonial economies.
By placing high taxes on imported luxury goods, he inadvertently encouraged smuggling. Philip's monstrous palace and monastery at Escorial had consumed much of Spanish wealth.” (http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b2philip2-spain.htm). Clearly states that Philip II did not value his money at all. He owed 36 million ducats with an annual deficit of 1 million ducats; this was because of his recklessness with money and because of all the money he wasted on wars. Aside from reducing state revenues for overseas expeditions, the domestic policies of Philip II further burdened Spain and would in the following century, contribute to its decline.
The Chinese government got really upset so they confronted the British government and this started the Opium war starting in 1899 till 1902. The British didn’t see this as a problem; they crushed the naval forces and in all won the battle. The British had complete control besides the fact that they were corrupting china with opium they also built a colony named Hong Kong. This is a prime example of what I was saying on how the British abused their power. Another major part of European imperialism was the colonization or as I call it the torture of Sudan, in Africa.
The English Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764, which taxed imported sugar, lumber, dye, coffee and wine, making merchants raise their prices on these goods. The colonists understood this process and knew that it helped in regulating commerce. What they didn’t appreciate was the March, 1965 Stamp Act, an Act that made colonists pay for any stamp on a printed document, and in the beginning, almost anything made of paper, even playing cards. The colonists were not pleased with this Act and viewed it as a way to raise money for Britain. The Sons of Liberty, a group formed to protect the rights of colonists, led protests and rallied against the new Act, sometimes with violence and destruction.