This could jeopardise the staff members job as they weren’t doing their job properly and they weren’t following policy and procedure, and it could harm the client as they might suffer consequences of taking the drug, such as overdosing, or they could be allergic to it without realising. Controlled drugs administered by 2 members of staff
‘Outline and evaluate classification and diagnosis of OCD’ 24 marks OCD is an anxiety disorder characterized by obsessions that lead to compulsions. Obsessions manifest themselves as repetitive, recurring and unwanted thoughts, which cause anxiety and are a product of the individual’s own mind. One example may be the constant thought that something negative will happen to you. This obsession will then lead to a compulsion, which the patient believes will prevent these unwanted thoughts coming to life. For example, the idea that by keeping everything abnormally clean and organised the thought that something negative will happen to you will be prevented.
Similarly, the use of scare tactics, such as pictures of overdoses, has failed to bring about reductions in drug use. Instead, an alternative approach is to encourage harm minimisation. This approach accepts that people will engage in risky behaviour and tries to reduce the health risks by encouraging users to take the drug safely. For example, the provision of needle exchanges means that addicts do not share injecting equipment; this dramatically reduces the risk of getting blood infections such as hepatitis or HIV and AIDS. Another way of reducing the potential harm to intravenous drug users is to provide medically controlled drugs as a substitute for street drugs.
They have a cognitive bias that can make them ‘hypervigilant’ when attending to environmental stimuli. Unlike most people, OCD sufferers cannot banish unwanted thoughts, and the thoughts and images become ever more vivid and intolerable. One factor of the cognitive explanation of OCD is lack of confidence in memory. Lack of confidence in memory means the person forgets the compulsive behaviours they have already carried out. This means their anxiety levels increase, so they keep repeating the compulsive behaviour to reduce anxiety.
The cognitive explanation for OCD starts from the observation that everybody at some time has undesirable thoughts that they would be ashamed to admit (e.g. most of us worry at times about touching something dirty). The theory suggests that people with OCD have a ‘cognitive bias’, irrational thought patters. The cognitive therapy for OCD helps the individual change their irrational thinking by encouraging them to use counter-statements in order to reverse negative, irrational thinking. For example ‘if the worst happened is it true that I would not be able to handle it?’, this would enable negative and irrational thoughts to be dispelled.
Question 1. One way that Cliff could take advantage of principles of operant conditioning to modify his staff behaivor is to give them consequences for bad behavior. Some people need to have consequences so that will not try to get away with bad behavior all of the time. Question 2.The use of punishment didn't work well for Cliff's predecessor because he frequently used it and never reinforced or rewarded good behavior. Reinforcement would remain preferable at controlling behavior because it is a presentation of something that is pleasant and rewarding which will produce a more effective outcome.
People who is depressed seem to be always feeling down in every situation. They cannot find interest in anything, even in their own hobbies. If we look at them, those situations can be perfectly reasonable. I am not applied that their problems aren’t that bad, but on the same hand, I must admit that their problems can be very awful, so they have every good reason to be depressed. I myself know how dreadful it is to feel bad most of the time, to have negative results no matter what I
Stopping is hard as the addcitive substance alters thinking patterns in the brain o drug use continues even though they know no reward is coming. They effectively have no self control. This means they have shorter periods of abtinacne. One of the strengths of the disease model addiction is that there is supporting reaearch. Volkow gave Ritalin to a group of participants he found that some of the participents enjoyed the experience while others didn’t.
Ellis believed people developed psychological disorders due to their beliefs about “insane thoughts” and “dogmatic associated feelings.” That it is not point “A” that upsets us but point “B”, the consequence or reaction. REBT was developed by Ellis because he was frustrated with the outcome of psychoanalysis; it did not work for all clients. Learning that one cannot change the past and not to dwell on past actions helps to teach self-acceptance. Accepting oneself with good or poor achievement, not rating oneself and loving oneself with or without approval is unconditional self-love and acceptance. This is rare and very tough to instill in ourselves.
Why Drugs Are Bad Report 1.The reason it is bad to do drugs is because it is against the law and if you can break the law you can be put in jail. Drugs are also bad because they can mess up your life by ruining your chance to get a job because you won't be able to pass a drug test, and no one wants to hire someone who does drugs. Another reason doing drugs is bad is that when a person is intoxicated, they can't think straight so they tend to do stupid things and act really dumb. 2.Doing drugs is a very bad thing for many reasons but one of the, if not the most serious reasons is that drugs kill. Drugs can kill in so many ways and the biggest reason is overdosing.