Another reason America had an advantage over Britain was that the English citizens were tired of war. The war had begun to turn into years and citizens were getting tired of paying taxes and just the war in general. In my opinion one of the biggest advantages the colonists had was how great a leader George Washington was. American soldiers were outnumbered and not as well trained as the English soldiers, but because of Washington’s brilliance and strategy it helped the colonists prevail over Britain. On the other hand Britain also had many advantages over the Americans.
The American Revolution had a major impact on the military, society and on some aspects of human responsibility. Before the American Revolution took place, the citizens of the colonies were beginning to get tired of the British rule. Rebellion and discontent were widespread. The major reason the colonies started revolting against 'mother England' was the issue of taxation. The colonies debated England's power to tax them and did not wish to be taxed without representation.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord in the spring of 1775 marked the beginning of open hostilities between the Colonies and Britain. These battles were the culmination of difficulties between England and the American colonies. The Colonists were fighting against the economic exploitation and political oppression of Parliament. The root cause of the revolution was the fact that Britain refused to believe that the colonies had outgrown, both economically and psychologically, their former status. Many, many things caused the revolution.
Sophie Shepherd ‘The Falklands War was Thatcher’s most successful foreign policy achievement’. How far do you agree with this view? Margaret Thatcher’s aims concerning foreign policy were to maintain the special relationship with America, defeat communism, to make peace in the cold war and to raise the status of Britain. The Falklands War was Thatcher’s most successful foreign policy achievement because it created more than one successful outcome. Although this was a great achievement, Thatcher did have other successes such as with the EU, America and defeating communism whilst working closely with Gorbachev to act as a peacemaker in the Cold War.
How far can Napoleon's military success from 1796-1800 be explained by the weaknesses of his opponents? A lot of Napoleon’s military success can be attributed to the weaknesses of his opponents but his own strengths and that of his men are a also a larger factor. From the years 1796-1800 Napoleons’ forces took part in 35 battles, the large majority of the battles were victories for the French. These battles were spread over the years occurred throughout: Egypt, Italy and, Syria. The success of the French troops can be based on many factors: Napoleon’s “new” - but very successful- way of making war, the superb commanders (Masséna and Augurea) Napoleon had underneath him and, the poor organisation and communication between his opponents.
When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms. King George III declared the Proclamation of 1763, which forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort the stabilize relations with the Native Americans. However this angered many colonists who had land grants there and in turn, the Proclamation Line was ignored. This was the start of a series of disagreements between the two lands, as the American citizens began to gain a stronger taste for independence. Enlightenment writers such as John Locke, who patented the idea that it
The British reacted violently; using cannons to literally blow rebels apart as well as firing squads and hanging mutineers. This meant they could control the mutineers relatively quickly and faced little opposition, as they had few, outdated weapons. This supports the view that the Mutiny posed little significant threat as the mutineers were not powerful enough to fight and defeat the British. Furthermore the mutineers had no leaders to organize them. Before they were following the orders of British officers, therefore when they revolted they had no common leaders to organize them.
During the beginning of colonial settlement, Britain did not enforce strict laws upon the colonies because it wanted them to prosper. Once war broke out between the French and the British in the French and Indian war, Britain began to enforce harsher laws and greater taxes on the colonies to draw revenue for the war. This in turn, angered the colonists and they began to think twice about having another country rule them. The colonists at the time also violated the same ideals of equality of rights and rule of law when they discriminated against the African Americans, Native Americans, and the poorer white settlers by forcing people into slavery with terrible conditions and taking land just because the colonist needed it. When the French and Indian War broke out between the British and the French, Britain hoped to use the colonies as an extra source of wealth to fight the war.
Oliver Cromwell became the most important general on the Parliamentarian side and Prince Rupert on the Royalist side. Oliver Cromwell was famous for his well thought out tactics and his well disciplined army, where as Rupert, the kings nephew, made decisions without thinking them through and was not always in full control of his men. Before the war, Oliver Cromwell was worrying whether or not his army would want to fight the king because in those days it was said that the king is Gods representative. The king also had much more money because he was supported by some very wealthy men, so he had more money. However, as the war went on, the king’s money dwindled away, and Parliament raised taxes, therefore they had more money than the king.
General George Washington’s strategy of erosion effectively outlasted Great Britain’s will to fight a costly war on American soil. Comparatively, Great Britain wholly underestimated the colonists and did not employ a coherent strategy but rather relied on a poorly executed belief that colonial support for the war would disappear with the occupation of key American cities. Roots of the American Revolution reside in a series of laws and taxes implemented by the British government following their support of the colonies during French and Indian war. It is important to note that the French and Indian war was part of the much larger Seven Years war fought between 18th century powers Spain, Great Britain, France, and the Holy Roman Empire. While Great Britain emerged a victor of the Seven Years war, it was nearly bankrupt at its completion in 1763.