Acct553 Week 5 Essay

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14-24 What is the purpose of the dividends-received deduction? What corporations are entitled to claim this deduction? What dividends qualify for this deduction? The purpose of the dividends-received deduction is to reduce the effect of multiple taxation that takes place when corporations are receiving dividend income. Only dividends received from domestic corporations subject to the corporate income tax are eligible for the dividends-received deduction. 14-51 What is the purpose of the reconciliation of taxable income with book income? Schedules M-1 and M-3 reconcile net income from the company’s books (i.e., book income) to taxable income by starting with book income and showing all the adjustments necessary to arrive at taxable income. This reconciliation is necessary because companies record certain income and expense items in their books for financial recordkeeping purposes (i.e., for purposes of reporting company performance to shareholders or for making management decisions) in a manner that is not allowed under prevailing income tax laws. 14-52 Sam Rogers forms a corporation. Sam transfers to the corporation property having a basis to him of $15,000 and a fair market value of $27,000 for 900 shares of the $10 par stock of the corporation. A year later, Bill Morrison, who is not related to Sam, transfers property having a basis to him of $1,000 and a fair market value of $3,000 for 100 shares of the corporate stock. The corporation issued no other stock. * a. How much gain does Sam recognize on his exchange? What is the basis to Sam of his 900 shares? * b. How much gain does Bill recognize on his exchange? What is the basis to Bill of his 100 shares? * c. What gain or loss is recognized by the corporation when it issues its shares to Sam? What is the basis to the corporation of the property it received from Sam? * d. What is the

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