Abstract Art in the 20th Century

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Discuss the development of Abstraction on the art world in the 20th century, refer to two or more artists in your answer. Abstract art is a form of expression that pushes the boundaries of traditional art. It does not represent anything nor does it have an objective. Abstraction has no links to reality, or is reduced down only to keep an illusion of the subject. The elements of design are used in such a way as to create designs that have been expressed through feelings and ideas. Abstract art has questioned many to believing if it should be classified as art, and has gradually opened up people’s minds to what art is today. Abstract art began to evolve as early as the 19th century, but fully began in the early 20th century. when some artists were trying new art movements and were gaining more freedom and independence. This independence for artists was expressed in their artworks through expressionism. Expressionists were using new mediums, techniques and styles then what had previously been used in traditional art; the paint got thicker, the subjects more distorted, the colours exaggerated and the artwork controversial to what ‘art’ should be. Later 19th, early 20th century, cubism and fauvism were also introduced to the art world, cubism had objects broken up and distorted to make an abstract artwork, and fauvism had drastic change in colour and did not contain the realistic values of the subject. These art movements are what opened up to abstract art in the 20th century. The changing times were influencing more artists to express their feelings and thoughts about the new technology and science through abstract. Abstract was changing the peoples perceptions and views on what art is. Two artists that had a major impact on the movement abstraction were: Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. Wassily Kandinsky was born in Moscow, 4th December, 1866. He is
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