Absolute monarchy Essay

317 WordsNov 22, 20082 Pages
“Power corrupts, and total power corrupts totally.” Absolute monarchs in the 1600’s and 1700’s had traits and powers that created nation-states and empires that were highly efficient and highly corrupt. Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the king and queen have absolute power over everything. An absolute monarch has total power over his or her people and land, including the aristocracy and sometimes the clergy. Absolutism is characterized by the end of feudal partitioning, consolidation of power with the monarch, rise of state power, unification of the state, and a decrease in the influence of nobility. In an absolute monarchy there is no constitution, or body of law above what is decreed by the king or queen. There have been many absolute monarchs in the past. Louis XIV ruled as King of France and of Navarre. He is also popularly known as The Sun King because of the idea that, just as the planets revolve around the Sun, France and the court should revolve around him. Under his rule, France achieved political and military superiority, and also cultural dominance with various cultural figures. Catherine II, popularly known as Catherine the Great, ruled over Russia for 34 years, from July 9, 1762 until her death in 1796. In 1780 she set up a League of Armed Neutrality, designed to defend neutral shipping from the British Royal Navy during the American Revolution, and she refused to intervene in that revolution on the side of the British when asked. These two rulers are two of the many absolutists that have had a great impact on the world. These Absolute rulers had different tactics and ideas on how to rule their countries. Absolute monarchs are still in the world today. Morocco and some other nations are still under rule of monarchs. Absolute monarchy was at times harsh and at other times very

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