Catherine The Great Absolutism

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Absolutism affects the power of all social classes, especially the nobility. In such a government, control rests in one dominant authority over ever other rule. In cases like Louis XIV’s France, Catherine the Great’s Russia, and Maria Theresa’s Austria, the nobility was put on a very short leash by the aforementioned rulers. In all cases, when an absolutist state (or a form of absolutism) was achieved, the nobility’s power was greatly diminished. After she seized the throne from her husband Peter III, Catherine the Great sought a social reform, among her other policies. She believed in an enlightened monarch and instituted reforms to make Russia more westernized. She imported architects, artists, poets and great philosophers in her effort…show more content…
Maria Theresa, like many other enlightened absolutists, decided that reform would be the best plan to improve the current nation. Among other policies like limiting the papacy’s political power and influence and administrative reform, Maria Theresa strongly affected the noble class due to her agricultural reorganizations. She cautiously took the power from tenant lords, in turn freeing the peasants once chained to these tenants. She also revamped the tax system, taxing even the noble’s land, which had never been done before. All in all, Maria Theresa strongly limited the nobility’s influence, both over the peasants and over the government. During Louis XIV’s reign of France, the nobility of the state was even more so affected than that of Russia’s. Louis complicated and flooded their lives with great parties, gossip and other preoccupations, with which to keep them busy. He was said to be the first ruler with complete domestication of the noble class, which means that he controlled the nobility like one would control a pet. Louis’ state of France complete with possibly the most ornate palace ever built, Versailles, truly showed that an absolutist state ruler was able to rule anything and everything, even the most elitist
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