3. Evaluate the hypothesis and the procedure performed. Hypothesis: If the mass of the metal is greater, then the temperature change of the water will increase. Safety: Glasses must be worn, and loose clothing restrained for the Lab Exercise! Materials: 250mL Beaker Test Tube Calorimeter Burner, Ring Stand, and Wire Gauze Thermometer Balance Procedure: 1.
AP Chemistry P2 Experiment 2: Formula of a Hydrate 9/24/2013 Purpose: Calculate the percent composition of water in a hydrate and determine the empirical formula of the hydrate. Procedure: 1) Set up ring stand with ring clamp, clay triangle, crucible with lid, and burner. Adjust the height of the ring stand. 2) Dehydrating Procedures: 3. Measure approximately 1 g of Copper(II) Sulfate Hydrate into the crucible and crucible and lid.
The calorimeter was designed in 1780 by a chemist named Antoine Lavoisier with help from a mathematician by the name of Pierre Simon de Laplace. Now a widespread tool, we will be using the calorimeter, and our knowledge of equations to find the specific heat of zinc and aluminum. OBJECTIVE/GOAL In this experiment we will Measure the mass and temperature of water in a calorimeter Heat a metal sample of a known mass to a specific temperature Calculate the change in water temperature caused by adding the hot metal sample Calculate the specific heat of the metal using your mass and temperature data PROCEDURE 1. Prepare a data table as directed in the Analysis. Safety goggles and lab apron must be worn for the experiment.
Lab 4: Determination of Percent by Mass of the Composition in a Mixture by Gravimetric Analysis Introduction Thermal gravimetric analysis is used to determine the percent by mass is used to determine the percent by mass of a component in a mixture. When a mixture is heated to an appropriately high temperature, one component in the mixture decomposes to form a gaseous compound. The mass of this particular component is related to the mass of the gaseous compound. In this experiment, the percent by mass of sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) and potassium chloride (KCl) in a mixture will be determined. Experimental First, we weighed 2 samples, each has 1 gram of NaHCO3-KCl mixture Second, we put the samples in 2 crucibles (A and B) and weighed them.
Adjust the percent transmittance to 100% 4)our out the water in the cuvet, and fill with 2/3 of the reference solution. Read and record absorbance data. Read from lower concentration to higher concentration. 5)Continue to collect absorbance data for al reference and test solutions 6)Dispose of the contents of the cuvets. Data Tables #1 Reference Solutions for the Calibration Curve Sample [FeSCN2+] Absorbance Reference Solution #1 4x10-5 .2034 Reference Solution #2 6x10-5 .3028 Reference Solution #3 8x10-5 .3915 Reference Solution #4 1.0x10-4 .4908 Reference Solution #5 1.2x10-4 .5768 #2 Test Solutions Temperature - 21.9°C Sample [Fe3+] [SCN-] Absorbance Test Solution #6 1.0x10-3 2.0x10-4 .1002 Test
Lab 2 Measurements: Accuracy and Precision A. Data Tables (36 points) Place your completed data tables into your report here: Data Table 1 Measurement | Data | Length of aluminum plastic packet | 4.50cm | Height of aluminum plastic packet | 7.50 cm | Temperature of faucet water | 26.0 degrees Celsius | Temperature of ice water | 10.0 degrees Celsius | Volume of water in 10-mL graduated cylinder | 10.0ml | Volume of water in 50-mL graduated cylinder | 9.0ml | Data Table 2 Measurement | Data | Inside diameter of 50-mL graduated cylinder | 2.50 cm | Height of 50-mL graduated cylinder | 10.0 cm | Water temperature | 25.0 degrees Celsius | Initial volume of water in 50-mL graduated cylinder | 10.0 mL | Mass of water in the 50-mL graduated cylinder (remember, 1 g of water weights 1 mL since its density is 1 g/mL) | 10.0gm | Volume of water and aluminum shot in 50-mL graduated cylinder | 18.0ml | Mass of aluminum shot (given on outside of packet) | 20.0gm | B. Follow-Up Questions (Show all calculations) Part I (Each question is worth 10 points.) 1. Convert the length and height measurements for the packet that contains the aluminum shot from units of cm to units of mm using the unit-factor method.
4. Results and Discussion Specific heat capacity refers to the amount of heat needed to raise or lower the temperature of a substance. This amount of heat is directly proportional to the mass of the material. In the first activity, the specific heat of a metal, in our case aluminum, was calculated (Table 1). The following formula was used: cm=mwcwT3-T1+mcccT3-T1 mmT2-T3 Where cw is the specific heat capacity of water and cc is the specific heat capacity of calorimeter.
Required Materials: Solids: KNO3 unknown concentration, KNO3 Liquids: Tap Water, DI Water Other: 1 burette, 1 1000 mL beaker, 5 test tubes, thermometer, heating pad Objectives: • To determine the effect of temperature of the solubility of a salt. • To construct a solubility curve for the salt. • To determine the mass of an unknown size sample of the salt. Theory: Solubility is a measure of t he amount of one substance that can be dissolved in a measured amount of another substance. In this experiment we are going to measure the solubility of KNO3 in water at various temperatures.
Nathan Bahn Beer’s Law Study Lab Introduction: In this lab, we used a spectrometer to observe the transmittance of light at a certain wave length. We experimented to see if the molarity of a solution changes the transmittance of light and the absorbance of that light by the solution. By observing the percent transmittance and the amount of light absorbed, we can calculate the amount of color absorbing components in the solution. Through this process is how we are able to discover the amount of copper in the solution. Experimental Procedure: 250 mL of the copper solution was made by creating 100 mL of the solution, reacting CuO with HNO3, and then diluting to the mark of 250 mL.
Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to measure the rate of increase (slope) of the water given two different starting points to the boiling point of 212 degree Fahrenheit in the span of time. The rate of increase in water temperature as it is heated given all control variables are the same such as one quart aluminum pot holding three cups of refrigerate and room temperature water. The study is to conduct weather if both types water will have the same slop of increase. Procedure: The first step was to fill a jug full of water and leave it in the fridge to cool down overnight and another jug full of water so that it becomes part of room temperature. Before the experiment, take out the fridge water and measure out three cups and pour it into the one quart pot and measure the water temperature before placing it on the stove.