Islamic Azad University
Instructor: A. Nezami
Themes and Motifs in Works of Albert Camus
By: Arman Khalili and Morteza Sheikhalizade
The general themes in works of Albert Camus are discussed in this paper. The Stranger and The Plague, two of Camus’ novels, is the main works that were used for writing this paper, first we gathered some information about Camus’s life and literary career, then the themes are discussed, mostly themes are extracted from The Stranger and The Plague. Introduction of Persian translation of these books were used as reference books, in addition the myth of Sisyphus and a book that is about Camus’ philosophy is also used.
Short Biography and Literary Career:
Albert Camus, French writer, philosopher, and journalist was born on 7 November 1913 in Drean in French Algeria. His mother was of Spanish descent and was half-deaf. His father Lucien, a poor agricultural worker, died in the Battle of the Marne in 1914 during World War I. In 1923, Camus was accepted into the University of Algiers.
Camus joined the French Communist Party in the spring of 1935, because he wanted to fight inequalities between Europeans and natives in Algeria. Although he did not suggest he was a Marxist, but as he said "we might see communism as a springboard and asceticism that prepares the ground for more spiritual activities."(1) In 1936, the independence-minded Algerian Communist Party (PCA) was founded. Camus joined the activities of the Algerian People's Party, which got him into trouble with his Communist party comrades. As a result, in 1937 he quit the party. Camus went on to be associated with the French anarchist movement.
He founded Theatre du Travail (Worker's Theatre) in 1935. From 1937 to 1939 he wrote for a socialist paper, Alger-Republicain. His work included an account of the peasants who lived in Kabylie in poor conditions, which apparently cost him his job. From 1939 to 1940, he briefly wrote for...