What do we mean by Reported Speech?
Reported Speech (also called Indirect Speech) is used to communicate what someone else said, think or believe, but without using the exact words. A few changes are necessary; often a pronoun has to be changed and the verb is usually moved back a tense, where possible.
Reported speech is often also called indirect speech. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The
Verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too.
"I'm going to school".
He said he was going to school.
Basic tense chart:
The tenses generally move backwards in this way (the tense on the left changes to the tense on the right):
|Present simple |Past simple |
|I'm an accountant. |He said he was an accountant. |
|Present continuous |Past continuous. |
|I'm having dinner with my sister. |He said he was having dinner with his sister. |
|Present perfect simple |Past perfect simple |
|I've been to Italy two times. |He said he had been to Italy two times. |
|Present perfect continuous |Past perfect continuous |
|I've been working very hard. |He said he had been working very hard. |
|Past simple |Past perfect |
|I bought a new cell...