Running: A Literature Review of Health Promotion
A Literature Review of Health Promotion
Lilian .N. Abagwe
Grand Canyon University
Family-Centered Health Promotion
October 16, 2011
Historically, the United States has been sickness oriented. But in the last twenty years, a new model has surfaced. The new model lays emphasis on wellness rather than sickness. As a result in this change in focus, health promotion is now a fundamental part of nursing profession. This article will review recent literature from three professional sources relative to nursing profession and health promotion. This paper will examine; (a) Definition of health promotion. (b) Purpose of health promotion in nursing practice. (c) Evolving nursing roles and responsibilities in health promotion. (d) Explain the implementation methods for health promotion. (e) Compare the three levels of health promotion prevention.
Health promotion is defined as “the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health.” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010).
The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to enable people make healthy choices. According Smeltzer & Bare (2006), the purpose of health promotion is to focus on a person’s potential for wellness and to encourage him/her to change her personal habits, lifestyle and environment in a way that it will reduce risk and improve health and wellbeing.
Nursing roles and responsibilities have gradually evolved due to changes in the society. Special importance is now attached to preventive, community-based care instead of acute, hospital - based care; Community- based care is provided in a non-traditional health...