March 23, 2012
“The Navajo (Navajo: Diné or Naabeehó) of the Southwestern United States are the largest single federally recognized tribe of the United States of America.” (Arizona’s Native American Tribes: Navajo Nation, 2011) The Navajo Nation is found in what is considered to be the four corners of America which is Utah, New Mexico, and the largest portion residing in Arizona. Although the reservation is not in Colorado it is along the border of it. They have a population of approximately 200,000 people. Cite source This is the largest Indian reservation in the United States. Although the Navajo have had many changes that have occurred in their culture over time they have continued to adapt to them while maintaining the traditions that have been passed down through the generations. Your introduction must include a clear thesis statement that details the specific topics you will present in your paper.
The Navajo people, as well as the Apache, originated from Northeastern Alaska and Canada and migrated to the United States. They were originally a foraging society, meaning that they were hunters and gatherers. When the Navajo came into contact with the Pueblo people they learned farming and herding techniques from them, thus changing them into a Pastoralist society. The Pueblo people even gave them the name “Navajo”. “The name “Navajo" is a Spanish adaptation of the Tewa Pueblo word navahu’u, meaning "farm fields in the valley." An early Spanish chronicler referred to the Navajo as Apaches de Nabajó ("Apaches who farm in the valley"), which was eventually shortened to "Navajo." (Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, 2011).
From the Pueblo they learned to grow crops of corn, beans, and squash. The women would tend to the growing of the crops, which in some cases would be referred to as the maize. With the introduction of herding techniques the Navajo began to raise sheep and...