DATE: 5TH APRIL, 2013
THE KINTAMPO WAS AN ADAPTION TO DIFFERENT ECOLOGICAL ZONE IN GHANA. DISCUSS
Kintampo is associated with various ecological zones. There are six ecological zones in Ghana, they include the strand and mangrove located around the coastal areas, the semi deciduous forest, forest savanna mosaic, coastal scrap and grassland, wet ever green forest and the savanna. The culture of Kintampo is noted as the earliest expression of food producing economy in West Africa, thus the South of the Sahel. It popular known to be the center of Ghana. Davies (1992), who define it postulated a sedentary food-producing adaptation based upon burned daub and “neolithic” implement (ceramics, polished stone) in surface contest. Subsequent excavations at Kintampo-culture site documented the presence of durable structures clustered into hamlets (anquandah 1976, Davies 1980, Donbrowski 1980), dosmestic animals (carter and Flight 1972), and possible cultigen (Flight 1976).
The issue of sedentism, food production, technology and exploitation must be viewed as a corpus of circumstantial evidence that supports the hypothesis for sedentism and food production in the first and second millennial be in Ghana and the Ivory Coast. Direct evidence for food production in tropical Africa, though hard to come by, nevertheless exist especially in rock shelters in the Kintampo and Banda areas, and in few open sites such as Ntereso and Mumute where remains and Bos and Ovicaprid have been found (carter and Flight 1972; flight 1973; Davies n.d; Donbrowski n.d; Stahl 1985; Stahl, ch.14 this volume). Although there seems to be general agreement that faunal remains of Ovicaprids recovered from Kintampo K6 content and Ntereso are those of domesticate (Stahl 1985), there is no consensus about the character of eight Bovid bones found at K6, since the remains appears to be long to creatures smaller than both the grass land buffalo and modern Bos spp.